This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

The sprouting seed produces a toxic substance in its embryo[11].

Edible uses

Flowers

Raw, Cooked, Dried as a Vegetable

Fruit

Raw, Cooked as a Vegetable
Cooked as a Jam, Preserve

Leaves, Stems

Raw, Cooked as a Salad, Vegetable, Green

Seed

Oil
Raw, Cooked, Sprouted as a Snack, Nut
Dried, Ground as a Flour, Baking
Sprouted as a Salad, Vegetable, Sprout

Material uses

The seed contains 34 - 54% of a semi-drying oil. Used for lighting[5].

Unknown part

Oil

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The pumpkin has been much used as a medicine in Central and North America. It is a gentle and safe remedy for a number of complaints, especially as an effective tapeworm remover for children and pregnant women for whom stronger acting and toxic remedies are unsuitable[12]. The seeds are mildly diuretic and vermifuge[13][14][12]. The complete seed, together with the husk, is used to remove tapeworms. The seed is ground into a fine flour, then made into an emulsion with water and eaten. It is then necessary to take a purgative afterwards in order to expel the tapeworms or other parasites from the body[13]. As a remedy for internal parasites, the seeds are less potent than the root of Dryopteris felix-mas, but they are safer for pregnant women, debilitated patients and children[15]. The seed is used to treat hypertrophy of the prostate[16]. The seed is high in zinc and has been used successfully in the early stages of prostate problems[12]. The diuretic action has been used in the treatment of nephritis and other problems of the urinary system[12]. The leaves are applied externally to burns[17]. The sap of the plant and the pulp of the fruit can also be used[12]. The fruit pulp is used as a decoction to relieve intestinal inflammation[12].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow April in a greenhouse in a rich soil. Germination should take place within 2 weeks. Sow 2 or 3 seeds per pot and thin out to the best plant. The seed requires a minimum temperature of 13°c to germinate[18]. Grow them on fast and plant out after the last expected frosts, giving them cloche or frame protection for at least their first few weeks outdoors until they are growing strongly.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Cucurbita pepo. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a rich, well-drained moisture retentive soil and a very warm, sunny and sheltered position[19][20][21][9]. Prefers a pH of 5.5 to 5.9, but tolerates up to 6.8[9]. Plants are tolerant of light shade[9] (This comment is probably more applicable to warmer climates than Britain[K].). A frost-tender annual plant, the pumpkin or marrow is widely cultivated in temperate and tropical zones for its edible fruit. It has long been grown as a domestic plant and a number of different groups have been developed. Botanists have tried to classify these groups, though there is considerable overlap and clear distinctions are not always possible. Since they are very similar in their cultivation needs, we have treated all the groups together in this entry. The botanists classification is as follows:-

    C. pepo pepo. This includes the vegetable marrows, zucchinis, pumpkins and ornamental gourds. There are many named varieties and these can vary considerably in size, shape and flavour[4][2][18]. The cultivars with larger and rounder fruits are usually called pumpkins, the fruits are harvested in the autumn and can be stored for a few months. The marrows are smaller than pumpkins and generally sausage-shaped. These can also be harvested in the autumn and stored for a few months, but it is more usual to eat them whilst they are still very small, when they are known as courgettes. Harvesting the fruits of the marrows when very small stimulates the plant into making more flowers (and hence fruits) so it can be a very productive way of using the plant.

Pumpkins and marrows succeed outdoors most summers in Britain[4], in fact many of these varieties are well adapted to cool growing conditions and therefore do well in the British climate[18].

    C. pepo pepo fraterna. This is the probable progenitor of the marrows and so is of potential value in any breeding programmes.
    C. pepo ovifera. This group includes various summer squashes including the acorn, crookneck and patty pan squashes.
    C. pepo ovifera ozarkana. A probable ancestor of the summer squashes, it could be of value in breeding programmes.
    C. pepo texana. The texas gourd, or wild marrow, is another form that could be of value in breeding programmes.

Plants produce both male and female flowers. These are insect pollinated but in cool weather it is worthwhile hand pollinating[18]. Most cultivars are day-length neutral and so are able to flower and fruit throughout the British summer[18]. A fast-growing plant, trailing forms can be used to provide a summer screen[9]. This species does not hybridize naturally with other edible members of this genus[1]. Squashes and pumpkins can be differentiated from each other by their fruit stalk, it is angular and polygonal in pumpkins but thick, soft and round in squashes[22]. Pumpkins grow well with sweetcorn and thornapple but they dislike growing near potatoes[23][24][25]. They also grow well with nasturtiums, mint, beans and radishes[25].

Crops

Fruit

Harvest

The fruit of C. pepo can be harvested when young when it is commonly referred to as a Courgette or Zucchini, or more generally a Summer Squash, or can be left to mature until it forms a thick skin and harvested at the end of the growing season, when it is commonly referred to as a Pumpkin or Winter Squash. Various cultivars have been bred to be harvested at a specific size. See cultivars for more details.

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cucurbita pepo. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cucurbita pepo.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Cucurbita pepo
Genus
Cucurbita
Family
Cucurbitaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
10
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    0.6 x 5
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    orange, yellow
    Flower Type
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    ,
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    ,
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    ,
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    ,
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    ,
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    ,
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.




    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 ? The Plantsman. Vol.8. 1986 - 1987. Royal Horticultural Society (32202/01/01)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.7 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (32202/01/01)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 (2013/03/01)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (32202/01/01)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (32202/01/01)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Rosengarten. jnr. F. The Book of Edible Nuts. Walker & Co. ISBN 0802707699 (32202/01/01)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. (2013/03/01)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.5 Organ. J. Gourds. Faber (32202/01/01)
    10. ? Hickery Holler Farm [ineapple Zucchini] (2013/03/11)
    11. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (32202/01/01)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.412.512.6 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (32202/01/01)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (32202/01/01)
    14. ? 14.014.1 RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (32202/01/01)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (32202/01/01)
    16. ? 16.016.116.2 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (32202/01/01)
    17. ? 17.017.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (32202/01/01)
    18. ? 18.018.118.218.318.418.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
    19. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
    20. ? Simons. New Vegetable Growers Handbook. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-050-0 (32202/01/01)
    21. ? Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. (32202/01/01)
    22. ? Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. (2013/03/01)
    23. ? Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (32202/01/01)
    24. ? Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (32202/01/01)
    25. ? 25.025.1 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (32202/01/01)
    26. ? Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (32202/01/01)


    • "Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • "image:Courgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    Facts about "Cucurbita pepo"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyCucurbitaceae +
    Belongs to genusCucurbita +
    Has binomial nameCucurbita pepo +
    Has common nameCourgette +, Zucchini + and Squash +
    Has cropFruit +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers +, Fruit +, Leaves +, Stems + and Seed +
    Has edible useVegetable +, Salad +, Green +, Oil +, Snack +, Nut +, Flour +, Baking +, Sprout +, Jam + and Preserve +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +
    Has flowers of colourorange + and yellow +
    Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
    Has growth rateVigorous +
    Has hardiness zone10 +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useOil +
    Has mature height0.6 +
    Has mature width5 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnthelmintic +, Miscellany + and Poultice +
    Has primary imageCourgette_plant_%27Diamant%27.jpg +
    Has search namecucurbita pepo +, courgette +, zucchini + and squash +
    Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
    Has seed requiring stratificationNo +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameCucurbita pepo +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheClimber +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates air pollutionNo +
    Tolerates maritime exposureNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Tolerates windNo +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Cucurbita pepo +, Cucurbita pepo +, Cucurbita pepo +, Cucurbita pepo +, Cucurbita pepo +, Cucurbita pepo +, Cucurbita pepo +, Cucurbita pepo +, Cucurbita pepo +, Cucurbita pepo +, Cucurbita pepo +, Cucurbita pepo + and Cucurbita pepo +