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Uses

Toxic parts

The sprouting seed produces a toxic substance in its embryo[1]. There is a report that the root is poisonous[2].

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - cooked[3]. Used as a vegetable, it can also be dried for later use[4][5]. The young fruit is used, it is bitter and becomes more bitter as it gets older[5]. One report says that the fruit contains up to 23% protein[6], though this would be very unusual in a fruit[K]. The fruit is up to 7cm in diameter[7].

Seed - raw or cooked[8][9][10][11][12]. The seeds can be ground into a powder and used as a thickening in soups or can be mixed with cereal flours when making cakes and biscuits[5][13]. Rich in oil with a very pleasant nutty flavour, but very fiddly to use because the seed is small and covered with a fibrous coat[K]. The seed contains 30 - 35% protein and 34% oil[5]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[5]. Root - the source of a starch that is used as a sweetener, stabilizer or for making puddings like tapioca[5]. Some caution is advised, see notes on toxicity[2].

The flowers are said to be edible after preparation[5] but no more details are given.

Flowers

Fruit

Unknown part

Oil

Material uses

The fruit is used as a soap substitute[12][14][15]. The fruit is cut up and simmered in water to obtain the soap which can be used for removing stains[11]. The fruit can also be dried and stored for later use[11]. It is often used with the root which is also a soap substitute[11]. The soap is said to be effective in removing stains from clothing[13].

The dried fruits have a tough, thick skin. They can be used whole as rattles or can be carved to make ladles, spoons etc[12][14][13].

The root is a rich source of starch[16]. (Industrial uses?)

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Buffalo gourd was employed medicinally by many native North American tribes who used it particularly in the treatment of skin complaints[13]. It is still employed in modern herbalism as a safe and effective vermicide[17].

The leaves, stems and roots are laxative and poultice[8][9][11][12]. The root is used mainly, but some caution is advised because of a report that it can be poisonous[2]. A poultice of the mashed plant has been used to treat skin sores, ulcers etc[13].

The seeds are vermifuge[18][19]. The complete seed, together with the husk, is used. This is ground into a fine flour, then made into an emulsion with water and eaten. It is then necessary to take a purgative afterwards in order to expel the tapeworms or other parasites from the body[18]. As a remedy for internal parasites, the seeds are less potent than the root of Dryopteris felix-mas, but they are safer for pregnant women, debilitated patients and children[17].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow early to mid spring in a greenhouse in a rich soil. Germination should take place within 2 weeks. Sow 2 or 3 seeds per pot and thin out to the best plant. Grow them on fast and plant out after the last expected frosts, giving them cloche or frame protection for at least their first few weeks if you are trying them outdoors.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Cucurbita foetidissima. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a rich, well-drained moisture retentive soil and a very warm, sunny and sheltered position[20][7]. Established plants are very drought tolerant[21].

This species is not very hardy in Britain, it is usually grown as an annual in temperate climates[7]. The roots can survive temperatures down to about -25°c[22].

Does not hybridize naturally with other members of this genus though crosses have been made under controlled conditions[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cucurbita foetidissima. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cucurbita foetidissima.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Cucurbita foetidissima
Genus
Cucurbita
Family
Cucurbitaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
10
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
6 x meters
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.65.7 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Organ. J. Gourds. Faber (1963-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.511.611.7 Balls. E. K. Early Uses of Californian Plants. University of California Press ISBN 0-520-00072-2 (1975-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.412.512.6 Sweet. M. Common Edible and Useful Plants of the West. Naturegraph Co. ISBN 0-911010-54-8 (1962-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.413.513.613.7 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.114.2 Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-23310-3 (1976-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. ()
  16. ? 16.016.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  17. ? 17.017.117.2 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  18. ? 18.018.118.2 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  19. ? 19.019.1 RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)
  20. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  21. ? Rosengarten. jnr. F. The Book of Edible Nuts. Walker & Co. ISBN 0802707699 (1984-00-00)
  22. ? Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. ()
  23. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)
  24. ? Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)

"image:Cucurbita foetidissima staminate flower 2003-05-19.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Cucurbita foetidissima"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCucurbitaceae +
Belongs to genusCucurbita +
Has binomial nameCucurbita foetidissima +
Has common nameBuffalo Gourd +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFlowers +, Fruit +, Unknown part +, Root + and Seed +
Has edible useUnknown use + and Oil +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile + and Insects +
Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone10 +
Has imageCucurbita foetidissima staminate flower 2003-05-19.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useDarning ball +, Musical +, Soap + and Starch +
Has mature height6 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useLaxative +, Poultice + and Vermifuge +
Has primary imageCucurbita foetidissima staminate flower 2003-05-19.jpg +
Has search namecucurbita foetidissima + and buffalo gourd +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCucurbita foetidissima +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheClimber +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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