Seed - raw or cooked in soups, bread, biscuits, sweets etc
. The nuts have a thick shell with a small sweet kernel
, they make an excellent dessert[K]. Nuts at the 'milk' stage (before they are fully ripe) are softer and sweeter
. The seed is rich in oil. The seed ripens in mid to late autumn and will probably need to be protected from squirrels[K]. When kept in a cool place, and not shelled, the seed should store for at least 12 months[K].
An edible oil is obtained from the seed,
The plant makes a good screening hedge
There are no material uses listed for Corylus americana.
A tea made from the bark is astringent
. It was used in the treatment of hives and fevers
. A poultice made from the bark is used to close cuts and wounds, treat tumours, old sores etc
Seed - best sown as soon as it is harvested in autumn in a cold frame
. Germinates in late winter or spring. Stored seed should be pre-soaked in warm water for 48 hours and then given 2 weeks warm followed by 3 - 4 months cold stratification
. Germinates in 1 - 6 months at 20°c
. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or sheltered place outdoors for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer[K].
Layering in autumn. Easy, it takes about 6 months.
Division of suckers in early spring. Very easy, they can be planted out straight into their permanent positions.
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Corylus americana. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils including chalk, but is in general more productive of seeds when grown on soils of moderate fertility
. It does well in a loamy soil
. Plants are fairly wind tolerant
This species is cultivated in America for its edible seed, there are some named varieties. This species is of little value in Britain, however, rarely bearing seeds.
Members of this genus bear transplanting well and can be easily moved even when relatively large
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Corylus americana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Corylus americana.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.01.1 Howes. F. N. Nuts. Faber (1948-00-00)
? 2.02.1 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-00-00)
? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
? 4.04.1 McPherson. A. and S. Wild Food Plants of Indiana. Indiana University Press ISBN 0-253-28925-4 (1977-00-00)
? 5.05.15.25.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
? 6.06.16.2 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
? 7.07.17.2 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
? 9.09.19.29.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
? Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)
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