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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - raw or cooked in soups, bread, biscuits, sweets etc[1][2][3]. The nuts have a thick shell with a small sweet kernel[3], they make an excellent dessert[K]. Nuts at the 'milk' stage (before they are fully ripe) are softer and sweeter[3]. The seed is rich in oil. The seed ripens in mid to late autumn and will probably need to be protected from squirrels[K]. When kept in a cool place, and not shelled, the seed should store for at least 12 months[K]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed,

Unknown part

Oil

Material uses

The plant makes a good screening hedge[4].
There are no material uses listed for Corylus americana.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

A tea made from the bark is astringent[5]. It was used in the treatment of hives and fevers[5][6]. A poultice made from the bark is used to close cuts and wounds, treat tumours, old sores etc[5][6].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is harvested in autumn in a cold frame[7]. Germinates in late winter or spring. Stored seed should be pre-soaked in warm water for 48 hours and then given 2 weeks warm followed by 3 - 4 months cold stratification[7]. Germinates in 1 - 6 months at 20°c[7]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or sheltered place outdoors for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer[K].

Layering in autumn. Easy, it takes about 6 months[8][9].

Division of suckers in early spring. Very easy, they can be planted out straight into their permanent positions.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Corylus americana. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils including chalk, but is in general more productive of seeds when grown on soils of moderate fertility[10][9]. It does well in a loamy soil[10][9]. Plants are fairly wind tolerant[11][10].

This species is cultivated in America for its edible seed, there are some named varieties[12][3]. This species is of little value in Britain, however, rarely bearing seeds[10].

Members of this genus bear transplanting well and can be easily moved even when relatively large[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Corylus americana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Corylus americana.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Corylus americana
Genus
Corylus
Family
Betulaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
3 x meters
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Howes. F. N. Nuts. Faber (1948-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 McPherson. A. and S. Wild Food Plants of Indiana. Indiana University Press ISBN 0-253-28925-4 (1977-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
  8. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  11. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  12. ? Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  13. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

"image:Corylus americana0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Corylus americana"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyBetulaceae +
Belongs to genusCorylus +
Functions asHedge +
Has binomial nameCorylus americana +
Has common nameAmerican Hazel +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part + and Seed +
Has edible useOil + and Unknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile + and Wind +
Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
Has hardiness zone4 +
Has imageCorylus americana0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has mature height3 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAstringent + and Poultice +
Has primary imageCorylus americana0.jpg +
Has search namecorylus americana + and american hazel +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCorylus americana +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Corylus americana +, Corylus americana +, Corylus americana + and Corylus americana +