This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

The whole plant contains a toxic glycoside called coronillin[1][2][3][4]. It is one of the most toxic plants growing in Britain[1].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Coronilla varia.

Material uses

Can be used as an insecticide[5]. No more details are given. A good ground cover and soil stabilizer for sunny banks and slopes[6][7]. It grows rampantly and should not be grown with plants less than 1.8 metres tall[7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The whole plant, used either fresh or dried is a cardiotonic[1][2]. It should be used with extreme caution, see the notes above on toxicity[1]. A decoction of the bark has been used as an emetic[8]. The crushed plant has been rubbed on rheumatic joints and cramps[8].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover


Earth stabiliser


Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in situ as soon as it is ripe. The seed usually germinates in the autumn. Stored seed can be pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then sown in situ in April[9].

Cuttings of half-ripe shoots with a heel, June/July in a frame. Can also be taken in spring[9].

Division in March[9]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer or following spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Coronilla varia. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers an open well-drained calcareous soil in a sunny position[10][2][9]. Tolerates poor soils[6]. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.8 to 7.2.

A food plant for the caterpillars of many lepidoptera species[11].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[6].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Coronilla varia. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Coronilla varia.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Coronilla varia
Genus
Coronilla
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (1975-00-00)
  3. ? Stary. F. Poisonous Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-35666-3 (1983-00-00)
  4. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Brooker. S. G., Cambie. R. C. and Cooper. R. C. Economic Native Plants of New Zealand. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-558229-2 (1991-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials. Collingridge (1926-00-00)
  10. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  11. ? Carter D. Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe. Pan ISBN 0-330-26642-x (1982-00-00)

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-17" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

"image:Securigera varia 20070630w.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Coronilla varia"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
Belongs to genusCoronilla +
Functions asGround cover +, Earth stabiliser + and Nitrogen fixer +
Has binomial nameCoronilla varia +
Has common nameCrown Vetch +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imageSecurigera varia 20070630w.JPG +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useInsecticide + and Oil +
Has mature height0.3 +
Has mature width1 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useCardiotonic +, Emetic + and Salve +
Has primary imageSecurigera varia 20070630w.JPG +
Has search namecoronilla varia + and crown vetch +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCoronilla varia +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Coronilla varia +, Coronilla varia +, Coronilla varia +, Coronilla varia + and Coronilla varia +