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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4][5]. Young leaves are added to salads whilst older leaves are cooked as a pot-herb[2][6][7]. High in protein. The dried leaves can be used as a thickener in soups[6].

A tea is made from the dried leaves[6].

Immature fruits are added to salads or used as a potherb.

Leaves

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

A fibre is obtained from the stems, it is the main source of jute[4][5][8]. The fibre is somewhat coarse and is used mainly for sackcloth etc[9]. The stems are harvested when the plant is in flower and are then retted (allowed to begin to rot) so that the fibre can be extracted[10]. This species tends to branch making fibre extraction more difficult[11]. Growing the plants very close together will prevent some of the branching. If used in making paper, the fibres are cooked for 2 hours with lye and then ball milled for 4½ hours. The paper is grey/buff[12]. The very light and soft wood is used in making sulphur matches[13].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are appetizer, carminative, demulcent, laxative, stimulant and stomachic[14]. An infusion is used in the treatment of dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia and liver disorders[14].

A decoction of the roots and unripe fruits is used in the treatment of dysentery[14].

The seeds contain a substance that has a similar action on the heart to digitalin (from Digitalis spp.), but less intense in its action[14].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late spring, after the last expected frosts[8]. In areas with hot summers it should be possible to sow the seed in situ in mid spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Corchorus capsularis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a very fertile soil and a hot humid climate[15]. Tolerates very wet conditions according to one report[9] whilst another says that it does not tolerate waterlogged soils[15]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.1 to 6.8.

Jute is sometimes cultivated for the fibre in its stem and also for its edible leaves[6]. It makes an excellent spinach substitute in areas with hot summers[6]. This species is not hardy in Britain but it can be grown as a half-hardy annual here, though it grows much better in areas that are warmer than typical summers in this country[3]. Some reports say that this plant is an annual whilst one says that it is perennial. Since the plant is not hardy in Britain we can only grow it as an annual.

This species is very closely related to C. olitorius.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Corchorus capsularis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Corchorus capsularis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Corchorus capsularis
Genus
Corchorus
Family
Tiliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
10
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:NIEdot334.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    "image:NIEdot334.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
    10. ? 10.010.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Chakravarty. H. L. The Plant Wealth of Iraq. ()
    12. ? 12.012.1 Bell. L. A. Plant Fibres for Papermaking. Liliaceae Press (1988-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Gupta. B. L. Forest Flora of Chakrata, Dehra Dun and Saharanpur. Forest Research Institute Press (1945-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.214.314.4 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. ()
    16. ? [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)

    "image:NIEdot334.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Corchorus capsularis"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyTiliaceae +
    Belongs to genusCorchorus +
    Has binomial nameCorchorus capsularis +
    Has common nameJute +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partLeaves +, Seed + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateVigorous +
    Has hardiness zone10 +
    Has imageNIEdot334.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual + and Perennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useFibre +, Paper + and Wood +
    Has mature height3.5 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAppetizer +, Cardiac +, Carminative +, Demulcent +, Laxative +, Stimulant + and Stomachic +
    Has primary imageNIEdot334.jpg +
    Has search namecorchorus capsularis + and jute +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameCorchorus capsularis +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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