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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw[1][2][3][4][5]. An acrid tarry flavour, it can be added in small quantities to salads for its high content of vitamin C[6][7][8]. Pleasantly sharp[9][10]. Rather less than pleasant to most tastes, though there are occasional people who like it[K].

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Cochlearia officinalis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The herb is antiscorbutic, aperient, disinfectant, diuretic and stimulant[11][3][12][13]. This plant was highly valued by sailors of the past and was taken in the diet daily as a preventative for scurvy on long sea trips. Applied externally, the bruised leaves are used to heal ulcers[3]. It is best used when fresh though it can also be harvested in late spring or early summer and dried for later use[3].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring or autumn in situ. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 weeks at 15°c[14].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Cochlearia officinalis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a cool shady position[15]. Grows wild on acid or calcareous soils, but it avoids shady positions. Prefers a sandy or gritty well-drained soil[16].

At one time this plant was commonly eaten, especially by sailors, for its high Vitamin C content which can prevent or cure scurvy[6][8]. A polymorphic species, it hybridizes with C. danica and C. anglica[9].

A good bee plant[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cochlearia officinalis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cochlearia officinalis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Cochlearia officinalis
Genus
Cochlearia
Family
Brassicaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Salinity
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Cochlearia excelsa.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.5 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 ()
  5. ? 5.05.1 Harris. B. C. Eat the Weeds. Pivot Health (1973-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Freethy. R. From Agar to Zenery. The Crowood Press ISBN 0-946284-51-2 (1985-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
  11. ? 11.011.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  14. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
  15. ? Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
  16. ? 16.016.116.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

"image:Cochlearia excelsa.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Cochlearia officinalis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyBrassicaceae +
Belongs to genusCochlearia +
Has binomial nameCochlearia officinalis +
Has common nameScurvy Grass +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partLeaves +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind + and Salinity +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees +, Flies +, Beetles + and Self +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has imageCochlearia excelsa.jpg +
Has lifecycle typeBiennial + and Perennial +
Has mature height0.3 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntiscorbutic +, Aperient +, Disinfectant +, Diuretic + and Stimulant +
Has primary imageCochlearia excelsa.jpg +
Has salinity toleranceTolerant +
Has search namecochlearia officinalis + and scurvy grass +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCochlearia officinalis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Cochlearia officinalis +, Cochlearia officinalis +, Cochlearia officinalis +, Cochlearia officinalis +, Cochlearia officinalis + and Cochlearia officinalis +