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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The leaves are used as a tea substitute[1][2]. The oleo-resin obtained from the leaves and stems is used as a commercial food flavouring in baked goods, ice cream, chewing gum etc[3][4].

Unknown part

Material uses

The glandular hairs on the leaves yield the oleo-resin 'ladanum', used medicinally and in soaps, perfumery, fumigation etc[5][6][7][8][9][2][10]. This resin is an acceptable substitute for ambergris (which is obtained from the sperm whale) and so is important in perfume manufacture[4]. The resin is collected by dragging a type of rake through the plant, the resin adhering to the teeth of the rake, or by boiling the twigs and skimming off the resin[9][2]. Most resin is produced at the hottest time of the year[7]. There is a mauve-flowered variety of this species that is the most prolific producer of the resin[11].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

This plant is an aromatic, expectorant, stimulant herb that controls bleeding and has antibiotic effects[5][4]. It is used internally in the treatment of catarrh and diarrhoea[5][4] and as an emmenagogue[5]. The leaves are harvested in late spring and early summer and can be dried for later use, or the resin extracted from them[4].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - gather when ripe and store dry[12]. Surface sow in late winter in a greenhouse[13]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 4 weeks at 20°c[13]. Prick out the seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle into individual pots. Grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out the in the following spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts[13]. The seed stores for at least 3 years[K].

Cuttings of softish to half-ripe wood, 8cm long with a heel or at a node, June/August in a frame. Roots are formed within 3 weeks[12]. High percentage[12]. Cuttings of almost mature wood, 8 - 12cm with a heel or at a node, September/October in a frame. High percentage[12]. Lift and pot up in the spring, plant out when a good root system has formed[12].

Layering in spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Cistus creticus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a sunny position in a dry or moist well-drained light sandy soil[6][14]. Withstands drought once it is established[6][15]. Tolerates maritime exposure[188, K].

Plants are hardy to about -15°c[15], but they require protection in severe winters[6]. Plants are somewhat hardier when grown in poor soils[14]. This is usually a short-lived plant in cultivation, it probably exhausts itself by its very free-flowering habit[K]. Plants often self-sow when growing in a suitable position[16]. Dislikes pruning or root disturbance[6][17]. Plants should be pot grown and then planted out in their final positions whilst still small. Individual flowers only last one day but there is a long succession of them[6][17]. A polymorphic species, some forms do not yield much gum[6]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[18][17].

The flowers are very attractive to bees[19]. The leaves, which exude a balsamic resin, are especially fragrant on warm sunny days[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cistus creticus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cistus creticus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Cistus creticus
Genus
Cistus
Family
Cistaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
1 x 1 meters
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:PikiWiki Israel 4611 Soft-Hairy Rockrose .JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:PikiWiki Israel 4611 Soft-Hairy Rockrose .JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (1987-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.7 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.76.8 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Howes. F. N. Vegetable Gums and Resins. Faber ()
  10. ? 10.010.1 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.4 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.2 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
  16. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  17. ? 17.017.117.217.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  18. ? RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)
  19. ? International Bee Research Association. Garden Plants Valuable to Bees. International Bee Research Association. (1981-00-00)

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Facts about "Cistus creticus"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCistaceae +
Belongs to genusCistus +
Has binomial nameCistus creticus +
Has common nameRock Rose +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +
Has edible useCondiment + and Tea +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind + and Drought +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile + and Bees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone8 +
Has imagePikiWiki Israel 4611 Soft-Hairy Rockrose .JPG +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useResin +
Has mature height1 +
Has mature width1 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useEmmenagogue +, Expectorant + and Stimulant +
Has primary imagePikiWiki Israel 4611 Soft-Hairy Rockrose .JPG +
Has search namecistus creticus + and rock rose +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCistus creticus +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Cistus creticus +, Cistus creticus +, Cistus creticus +, Cistus creticus +, Cistus creticus + and Cistus creticus +