This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Leaves

Raw, Cooked as a Salad, Vegetable

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Cichorium endivia.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The plant is used as a resolvent and cooling medicine, and in the treatment of bilious complaints[10]. It has a similar but milder effect to chicory (Cichorium intybus) and so is a very beneficial tonic to the liver and digestive system[11]. The root is demulcent and tonic[10]. It has been used in the treatment of dyspepsia and fevers[10]. The fruit (this probably means the seed[K]) has been used in the treatment of fevers, headaches, bilious complaints and jaundice[10].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Herbaceous

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ early to mid July for an autumn and winter crop and up to mid August for succession. Seedlings can be transplanted[9]. Successional sowings can also be made from April onwards for a summer crop though these plants are liable to bolt in hot weather or if there is a cold snap in late spring[12][9].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Cichorium endivia. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in any moderately fertile well-drained soil[9]. Prefers a medium to light sandy or gravelly soil that is rich in humus[12][13][14]. Prefers a sunny position[9] but with light shade in the summer to prevent plants running to seed[4]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.3 to 8.3. Endive is often cultivated, especially in Europe, for its edible leaves[5], there are many named varieties[8]. These varieties can be divided into two main types, the plain-leafed and the curly-leafed. Although more decorative, the curly-leafed forms are less suitable for late autumn/winter use because they are less hardy and their leaves tend to hold moisture and therefore encourage mildew and other disease problems[200, K]. In Britain, the plants grow best in Cornwall[15]. Through successional sowing, and careful selection of varieties, it is possible to obtain leaves all year round[K]. The main season of availability is autumn to early winter, though this can be extended through the winter if the plants are given protection[9]. A combination of low temperatures and short days causes the plants to flower[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cichorium endivia. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cichorium endivia.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Cichorium endivia
Genus
Cichorium
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    1 x 0.3
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.




    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (32202/01/01)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Simons. New Vegetable Growers Handbook. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-050-0 (32202/01/01)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Organ. J. Rare Vegetables for Garden and Table. Faber (32202/01/01)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (32202/01/01)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn (32202/01/01)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (32202/01/01)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.69.79.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.4 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (32202/01/01)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (32202/01/01)
    12. ? 12.012.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
    13. ? Harrison. S. Wallis. M. Masefield. G. The Oxford Book of Food Plants. Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
    14. ? Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. (32202/01/01)
    15. ? Brouk. B. Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press ISBN 0-12-136450-x (32202/01/01)

    Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-89" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.


    "image:Cichorium_Sturm31.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.