Uses

Toxic parts

The foliage and seedpods contain oxalic acid and can irritate the skin[15][16][17]. There is also one report that the foliage is poisonous[10] - this might relate to the oxalic acid. Oxalic acid can lock up certain nutrients in the diet, especially calcium, and therefore heavy use of foods that contain this substance can lead to nutritional deficiencies. Cooking will greatly reduce the oxalic acid content. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since the oxalic acid can aggravate their condition[18].

Edible uses

Seed, Root

Roasted as a Roasted drink

Seedpods

Seedpod, Shoots

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Cicer arietinum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Seedpod

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed

Chick peas can germinate at lower temperatures than broad beans[19].


Cultivation

Requires a hot sunny position[15][7][17], tolerating drought once established[1][12]. Prefers a light well-drained fertile soil[15][17]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.5 to 8.6. Plants are hardy to about -25°c when covered by snow[16]. This suggests that plants can be autumn sown - some trials are called for, especially of some of the hardier cultivars[11]. The chickpea is widely cultivated in warm temperate and tropical areas for its edible seed[2][20]. There are many named varieties, some of which should be suitable for cultivation in Britain[19]. Plants only succeed outdoors in Britain in hot summers[15][7]. Plants are about as hardy as broad beans[19] but they often do not succeed in mild moist maritime climates because the seedpods are hairy and this holds moisture. The moisture then encourages fungal growth and the seed usually rots before it is fully mature[11]. Plants require 4 - 6 months with moderately warm dry conditions if they are to crop well[17]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[17]. When removing plant remains at the end of the growing season, it is best to only remove the aerial parts of the plant, leaving the roots in the ground to decay and release their nitrogen.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cicer arietinum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cicer arietinum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Cicer arietinum
Genus
Cicer
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
0.6 x
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (32202/01/01)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (32202/01/01)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (32202/01/01)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.65.7 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (32202/01/01)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. (32202/01/01)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (32202/01/01)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Brouk. B. Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press ISBN 0-12-136450-x (32202/01/01)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (32202/01/01)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Ken Fern [Cicer arietinum] Plants for a Future (2013/05/29)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
  13. ? 13.013.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (32202/01/01)
  14. ? 14.014.114.2 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (32202/01/01)
  15. ? 15.015.115.215.3 Organ. J. Rare Vegetables for Garden and Table. Faber (32202/01/01)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (32202/01/01)
  17. ? 17.017.117.217.317.417.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
  18. ? Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (32202/01/01)
  19. ? 19.019.119.2 Carruthers. S. P. (Editor) Alternative Enterprises for Agriculture in the UK. Centre for Agricultural Strategy, Univ. of Reading ISBN 0704909820 (32202/01/01)
  20. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (32202/01/01)



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