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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The leaves are used as a snack, being nibbled for their refreshing qualities[1][2]. In Mexico the herb is used as a catalyst in the preparation of 'tesguino', an alcoholic beverage produced from sprouted maize[1].

Leaves

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

The plants stoloniferous root system, and dwarf spreading habit make it a god ground cover, though it is a difficult plant to establish and grow well[3].
There are no material uses listed for Chimaphila maculata.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The plant is analgesic, antibacterial, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, rubefacient, stimulant and tonic[4][5][6][2]. The plant has an antiseptic influence on the urinary system and is sometimes used in the treatment of cystitis[4]. An infusion of the plant has been drunk in the treatment of rheumatism and colds[2]. A poultice of the root has been used to treat pain[2] whilst the plant has also been used as a wash on ulcers, scrofula and cancers[2]. All parts of the plant can be used, though only the leaves are officinal[4]. The plant is loaded with the biologically active compounds arbutin, sitosterol and ursolic acid[6]. Arbutin hydrolyzes to the toxic urinary antiseptic hydroquinone[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - very difficult to germinate, see the notes in cultivation details. It is best sown on moist sphagnum peat. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a shady position in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Division. Rather difficult because the plant is very sensitive to root disturbance. It is best attempted in the spring as the plant comes into growth[7].

Cuttings of softwood, June in a frame. Use some soil from around an established plant[8].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Chimaphila maculata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a light moist but well-drained lime-free soil and shade from direct sunlight[9].

This species is difficult to propagate and grow in cultivation, mainly because it has certain mycorrhizal associations in the wild and these are necessary if the plant is to thrive[7]. It is best to use some soil collected from around an established plant when sowing seed or planting out into a new position[7]. The plant has wide-spreading fibrous feeding roots and will often die or fail to increase in size if these are disturbed.

The flowers are deliciously scented[3].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Chimaphila maculata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Chimaphila maculata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Chimaphila maculata
Genus
Chimaphila
Family
Pyrolaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Spotted Wintergreen flower.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Spotted Wintergreen flower.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Spotted Wintergreen flower.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Spotted Wintergreen flower.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    "image:Spotted Wintergreen flower.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.6 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (1979-00-00)
    9. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    10. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-204
    11. ? Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)

    "image:Spotted Wintergreen flower.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Chimaphila maculata"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyPyrolaceae +
    Belongs to genusChimaphila +
    Functions asGround cover +
    Has binomial nameChimaphila maculata +
    Has common nameSpotted Wintergreen +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partLeaves + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone6 +
    Has imageSpotted Wintergreen flower.JPG +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height0.25 +
    Has mature width0.5 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnalgesic +, Antibacterial +, Antiscrophulatic +, Astringent +, Cancer +, Diaphoretic +, Diuretic +, Febrifuge +, Rubefacient +, Skin +, Stimulant + and Tonic +
    Has primary imageSpotted Wintergreen flower.JPG +
    Has search namechimaphila maculata + and spotted wintergreen +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameChimaphila maculata +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata +, Chimaphila maculata + and Chimaphila maculata +