This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Chelone glabra.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Chelone glabra.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Balmony is a very bitter herb with a tea-like flavour that acts mainly as a tonic for the liver and digestive system[1]. It has long been held in esteem in N. American folk medicine, though it has never been investigated scientifically[2]. The herb also has anti-depressant and laxative effects[1]. A decoction of the whole herb is antibilious, aperient, appetizer, cathartic, cholagogue, detergent, tonic, vermifuge[3][4][5][6][7][8][9]. It is used internally in the treatment of consumption, debility, diseases of the liver, gallbladder problems, gallstones etc[3][10]. It is also used to relieve nausea and vomiting, intestinal colic and to expel worms[10]. Its tonic effect upon the digestive system has made it of benefit in the treatment of anorexia nervosa[2]. Externally, it is applied as a soothing ointment to piles, inflamed tumours, irritable ulcers, inflamed breasts etc[3][2]. The plant is harvested when in flower and is dried for later use[1].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame and keep moist. The seed germinates in 2 - 6 weeks at 20°c[11]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the cold frame. Plant them out into their permanent positions in the spring or early summer.

Division in autumn[12].

Cuttings of soft tips in summer in a sandy soil in a frame[13].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Chelone glabra. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in any ordinary soil, but it grows best in a light loam[12]. Tolerates heavy clays and light shade[12][13]. Prefers growing in light shade[1]. Survives but does not thrive in dry conditions[13]. Prefers growing in a bog garden or in a soil that is unlikely to dry out[13].

Plants are very cold-hardy, tolerating temperatures down to about -20°c[14]. A polymorphic species, there are several named forms[15].

The plant spreads freely at the roots and so is best grown in a large pot[3].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Chelone glabra. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Chelone glabra.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Chelone glabra
Genus
Chelone
Family
Scrophulariaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Stuart. M. (Editor) The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism Orbis Publishing. London. ISBN 0-85613-067-2 (1979-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
    8. ? 8.08.1 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    11. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    14. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

    "image:Chelone glabra 04.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.