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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves - raw or cooked as greens[1][2][3][4]. Exceedingly good, either in salads or cooked as a vegetable[5]. This differs from our own experience, whilst the leaves can be added to salads they are rather bitter and rather less than desirable[8, 183, K]. Root - cooked[5]. Used in soups[5].

Leaves

Material uses

The seeds were used in ancient embalming[6][7].
There are no material uses listed for Centranthus ruber.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Red valerian is sometimes confused in herbals and folk tradition with the true valerian (Valeriana officinalis). Whilst true valerian has a very strong action on the nervous system, this species has no known medical properties[8][9]. The plant is nervine[7]. This report possibly confuses this plant with the true valerian, Valeriana officinalis, which is a very effective nervine.

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow February to May in situ or as soon as it is ripe in situ and only just cover the seed. Germination is usually rapid.

Division in spring.

Cuttings, summer, in a cold frame.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Centranthus ruber. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Grows well in ordinary moist, well-drained garden soil and on dry walls[10][11][12]. Prefers a sunny position[11], though it also succeeds in semi-shade[13]. Thrives on chalk[12], poor soils[14] and in sandy soils[15]. Established plants are drought tolerant[16].

This species is hardy to about -15°c[15][12]. Plants are generally long-lived and grow especially well in maritime areas, where they are a common feature of hedgerows and walls[219, K].

A very ornamental plant[10], it attracts moths and butterflies[17]. The flowers have an unpleasant smell like perspiration[18].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Centranthus ruber. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Centranthus ruber.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Centranthus ruber
Genus
Centranthus
Family
Valerianaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn (1980-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. ()
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (1987-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Niebuhr. A. D. Herbs of Greece. Herb Society of America. (1970-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Stuart. M. (Editor) The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism Orbis Publishing. London. ISBN 0-85613-067-2 (1979-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials. Collingridge (1926-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  13. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
  14. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
  16. ? Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent ISBN 0460045512 (1982-00-00)
  17. ? Carter D. Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe. Pan ISBN 0-330-26642-x (1982-00-00)
  18. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

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Facts about "Centranthus ruber"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyValerianaceae +
Belongs to genusCentranthus +
Has binomial nameCentranthus ruber +
Has common nameRed Valerian +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partLeaves + and Root +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind + and Drought +
Has fertility typeBees + and Lepidoptera +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageCentranthus ruber 2007-06-02 (flower).jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has mature height0.9 +
Has mature width0.6 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useNervine +
Has primary imageCentranthus ruber 2007-06-02 (flower).jpg +
Has search namecentranthus ruber + and red valerian +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCentranthus ruber +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Centranthus ruber +, Centranthus ruber + and Centranthus ruber +