Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Centaurea montana.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Centaurea montana.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Mountain cornflower is seldom used in modern herbalism, though it does still have a reputation in parts of Europe as a wash for tired eyes[2]. It is considered to be most effective on blue eyes, great plantain (Plantago majus) being used for brown eyes[2].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Can be used as a ground cover plant in a sunny position[3][4].

Forage

Bees

A good bee plant[5].

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed

Sow March in a greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in August in a greenhouse, overwintered under cover, and planted out in spring.

Rooted cuttings

Division in autumn. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer or following spring. This should be done at least once every three years in order to maintain the plants vigour.

Basal cuttings in spring. Harvest the shoots when they are about 5 - 10cm long with plenty of underground stem. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.


Cultivation

Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[6][7]. Prefers a moist well-drained fertile soil and a sunny position[7]. Tolerates dry, low fertility and alkaline soils[7]. Plants are hardy to at least -20°c[8]. A very ornamental plant[6], there are some named varieties[8]. The plants have creeping rhizomes and form spreading patches[8].

Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Centaurea montana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Centaurea montana.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Centaurea montana
Genus
Centaurea
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
0.45 x 1
Fertility
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Centaurea montana Sturm25.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Centaurea montana Sturm25.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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"image:Centaurea montana Sturm25.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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"image:Centaurea montana Sturm25.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Centaurea montana Sturm25.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Centaurea montana Sturm25.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.




References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (32202/01/01)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Stuart. M. (Editor) The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism Orbis Publishing. London. ISBN 0-85613-067-2 (32202/01/01)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (32202/01/01)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (32202/01/01)
  5. ? International Bee Research Association. Garden Plants Valuable to Bees. International Bee Research Association. (32202/01/01)
  6. ? 6.06.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (32202/01/01)
  9. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (32202/01/01)



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Facts about "Centaurea montana"RDF feed
Article is incompleteFalse +
Article requires citationsFalse +
Article requires cleanupFalse +
Belongs to familyCompositae +
Belongs to genusCentaurea +
Functions asGround cover +
Has binomial nameCentaurea montana +
Has common nameMountain Cornflower +, Perennial Cornflower +, Bachelor's Button +, Montane Knapweed + and Mountain Bluet +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone3 +
Has imageCentaurea montana Sturm25.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has mature height0.45 +
Has mature width1 +
Has medicinal partFlowers +
Has medicinal useAntitussive +, Astringent +, Diuretic +, Emmenagogue +, Ophthalmic +, Purgative + and Tonic +
Has primary imageCentaurea montana Sturm25.jpg +
Has search namecentaurea montana +, mountain cornflower +, perennial cornflower +, bachelor's button +, montane knapweed + and mountain bluet +
Has seed requiring scarificationFalse +
Has seed requiring stratificationFalse +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCentaurea montana +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
Is grown fromSeed + and Cutting +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Provides forage forBees +
Tolerates air pollutionFalse +
Tolerates maritime exposureFalse +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilFalse +
Tolerates windFalse +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Centaurea montana +