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Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Cedrus deodara.

Material uses

A fairly wind-tolerant tree, it can be used in shelterbelt plantings[1]. Wood - moderately hard, durable, aromatic, fine and even grained. Resistant to termites, it is used for construction, furniture, boats etc[2][3][4][5][6]. A valuable timber, but a poor fuel, producing a lot of smoke as it burns[2][6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The heartwood is carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic and expectorant[7][6]. A decoction of the wood is used in the treatment of fevers, flatulence, pulmonary and urinary disorders, rheumatism, piles, kidney stones, insomnia, diabetes etc[7][8]. It has been used as an antidote to snake bites[7][9].

The plant yields a medicinal essential oil by distillation of the wood, it is used in the treatment of phthisis, bronchitis, blennorrhagia and skin eruptions[10][5][7]. A resin obtained from the wood is used externally to treat bruises, skin diseases and injuries to joints[6]. The bark is astringent. It has proved useful in the treatment of fevers, diarrhoea and dysentery[7][9]. In Ayurvedic medicine the leaves are used in the treatment of tuberculosis[8].

An oil obtained from the seed is diaphoretic[6]. It is applied externally to treat skin diseases[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Windbreak

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - collect the cones in winter and keep in a warm room until they open[11]. Sow immediately in a cold frame[12]. One report says that a short cold stratification of one month improves germination rates[13]. Keep the seed pot moist, but be careful because the young seedlings are very prone to damp off, keep them well ventilated[13]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Give them some protection from winter cold for their first winter or two outdoors[K]. Cuttings of terminal shoots can be tried in a frame in November but they are very difficult[13].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Cedrus deodara. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Thrives on most soils, being very tolerant of dry sites and of drought when it is established[14][1]. Succeeds in very chalky soils[1]. Prefers a rich loam or a sandy clay in full sun[11]. Succeeds in warm dry areas with less than 40cm of rain a year, but also in areas with cool summers and up to 200cm of rain[1]. Dislikes atmospheric pollution[15]. Plants are fairly wind tolerant[1].

This species is the least hardy of the genus and does not always succeed outdoors in Britain[15] although some clones are hardy down to zone 5 and grow well in this country[1]. The hardiest forms come from the west of its range[14]. Trees thrive best in the cooler and moister areas of Britain[15]. Small trees less than 50cm tall establish much more quickly and better than taller trees, those that are more than 2 metres tall are difficult to establish[1]. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance[1]. Plants are said to live for up to 600 years in the wild[16]. New growth takes place from May to the end of September and can exceed 1 metre per year, slowing down as the tree gets larger and virtually ceasing by the time the tree is 20 metres tall[17]. This species is sometimes cultivated for timber in some parts of S. Europe[18]. Small male cones are formed on the lower branches of trees, whilst the larger female cones are formed on higher branches[19]. These female cones persist on the tree for 2 - 3 years before breaking up[19]. Trees are notably susceptible to honey fungus[1].

The whole plant is aromatic[20].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cedrus deodara. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cedrus deodara.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Cedrus deodara
Genus
Cedrus
Family
Pinaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Cedrus deodara Manali 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Cedrus deodara Manali 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Cedrus deodara Manali 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Cedrus deodara Manali 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.001.011.021.031.041.051.061.071.081.091.10 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Polunin. O. and Stainton. A. Flowers of the Himalayas. Oxford Universtiy Press (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Singh. Dr. G. and Kachroo. Prof. Dr. P. Forest Flora of Srinagar. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1976-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Gupta. B. L. Forest Flora of Chakrata, Dehra Dun and Saharanpur. Forest Research Institute Press (1945-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.7 Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.5 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Medicinal Plants of Nepal Dept. of Medicinal Plants. Nepal. (1993-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  12. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.2 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-2801-X (1987-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.215.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  16. ? Vines. R.A. Trees of North Texas University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292780206 (1982-00-00)
  17. ? Mitchell. A. F. Conifers in the British Isles. HMSO ISBN 0-11-710012-9 (1975-00-00)
  18. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
  19. ? 19.019.1 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  20. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

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