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Uses

Toxic parts

Some caution is advised, the following note relates to another member of this genus but could have relevance to this species. This plant should not be used during pregnancy prior to the commencement of labour[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves - cooked[2][3].

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Caulophyllum robustum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

This herb is said to have similar medicinal properties to C. thalictroides[4]. These are:-

Papoose root is a traditional herb of the North American Indians and was used extensively by them to facilitate child birth[5]. Modern herbalists still consider it to be a woman's herb and it is commonly used to treat various gynaecological conditions[4]. An acrid, bitter, warming herb, it stimulates the uterus, reduces inflammation, expels intestinal worms and has diuretic effects[6]. The root is anthelmintic, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, oxytocic and sedative[7][8][9][1][5]. An infusion of the root in warm water is taken for about 2 weeks before the expected birth date in order to ease the birth[5][10]. This infusion can also be used as an emmenagogue and a uterine stimulant[10]. Papoose root should therefore be used with some caution by women who are in an earlier stage of pregnancy since it can induce a miscarriage or early delivery[11]. The plant is also taken internally in the treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease, rheumatism and gout[6]. It should not be prescribed for people with hypertension and heart diseases[6]. Any use of this plant is best under the supervision of a qualified practitioner[6]. The roots are normally harvested in the autumn, because they are at their richest at this time[10], and are dried for later use.

The root is harvested in early spring as new growth is beginning and is used to make a homeopathic remedy[12]. It is used especially in childbirth and in some forms of rheumatism[12].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a shady part of a cold frame[13]. If stored seed is used, it should be sown as soon as it is received. Germination can be erratic. Prick out the seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a shady part of a greenhouse or cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions during autumn or early winter. Division in spring or just after flowering[13]. Plants are slow to increase[14].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Caulophyllum robustum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in most parts of this country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus.

Easily grown in a damp light humus-rich woodland soil preferring a position in deep shade[15][13]. One report says that it is best in a peat garden.

The seeds rupture the ovary before they are fully ripe and continue to expand naked, they are bright blue when fully ripe[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Caulophyllum robustum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Caulophyllum robustum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Caulophyllum robustum
Genus
Caulophyllum
Family
Berberidaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
partial sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
    2. ? 2.02.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.2 Castro. M. The Complete Homeopathy Handbook. Macmillan. London. ISBN 0-333-55581-3 (1990-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    14. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
    15. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    16. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 4. 1982 - 1983. Royal Horticultural Society (1982-00-00)
    17. ? Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)


    Facts about "Caulophyllum robustum"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyBerberidaceae +
    Belongs to genusCaulophyllum +
    Has binomial nameCaulophyllum robustum +
    Has common namePapoose Root +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partLeaves +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone7 +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height0.3 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnthelmintic +, Antispasmodic +, Birthing aid +, Diaphoretic +, Diuretic +, Emmenagogue +, Oxytoxic + and Sedative +
    Has search namecaulophyllum robustum + and papoose root +
    Has shade tolerancePermanent shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has sun preferencePartial sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameCaulophyllum robustum +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Caulophyllum robustum +, Caulophyllum robustum +, Caulophyllum robustum +, Caulophyllum robustum +, Caulophyllum robustum +, Caulophyllum robustum +, Caulophyllum robustum +, Caulophyllum robustum + and Caulophyllum robustum +