A beige dye is extracted from the leaves and twigs, cream of tartar is required as a mordant. A yellow dye is obtained from the bark when alum is used as a mordant. The inner bark has been used to finish baskets and to make chair bottoms. The leaves have been scattered about to repel insects.Wood - close-grained, tough, elastic, very heavy, hard. It weighs 51lb per cubic foot. The wood has excellent bending qualities and can withstand compression better than most other woods. One of the best hickory woods, it is an important commercial timber and is used for vehicle parts, tool handles, fuel etc.
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A very ornamental and long-lived tree, it is quite successful in Britain and has been planted on an experimental scale for its timber in Germany. Most species in this genus have quite a wide range of distribution and, in order to find trees more suited to this country, seed from the most appropriate provenances should be sought. Most trees growing in Britain at present tend to only produce good seed after hot summers. Trees in the wild commence fruiting when about 20 years old, with an optimum seed bearing age from 40 - 150 years, though they often live for 300 - 500 years. Trees are self-fertile but larger crops of better quality seeds are produced if cross-pollination takes place. Plants are strongly tap-rooted and should be planted in their permanent positions as soon as possible. Sowing in situ would be the best method so long as the seed could be protected from mice. Trees are late coming into leaf (usually late May to June), but lose their leaves later in the autumn than other Carya species229]. During this time they cast a heavy shade. These factors combine to make the trees eminently suitable for a mixed woodland planting with shrubs and other trees beneath them.Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
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Polycultures & Guilds
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This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
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- Vines. R.A. Trees of North Texas University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292780206 (1982-00-00)
- Howes. F. N. Nuts. Faber (1948-00-00)
- Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
- Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
- ? The Plantsman. Vol. 9. 1986 - 1987. Royal Horticultural Society (1986-00-00)
- Vines. R. A. Trees of Central Texas. University of Texas Press ISBN 0-292-78958-3 (1987-00-00)
- ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
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