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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

An oil obtained from the seed is used in cooking[1][2][3].

Unknown part

Oil

Material uses

A non-drying oil is obtained from the seed - used in textile manufacture, soap making and as an illuminant[4][2][5][6]. The oil consists mainly of olein. It is not subject to polymerize or oxidize, nor does it form solids at low temperatures[7].

A grey dye is obtained from the pink or red petals[8].

The seed cake has insecticidal activity[9].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The seed oil is used in the treatment of ringworm[9].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - can be sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse[10]. Stored seed should be pre-soaked for 24 hours in warm water and the hard covering around the micropyle should be filed down to leave a thin covering[11][10][12]. It usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 23°c[12]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions when they are more than 15cm tall and give them some protection from winter cold for their first year or three outdoors[K].

Cuttings of almost ripe wood, 10 - 15cm with a heel, August/September in a shaded frame. High percentage but slow[11]. Cuttings of firm wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, end of June in a frame[2][11]. Keep in a cool greenhouse for the first year[2].

Leaf-bud cuttings, July/August in a frame.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Camellia oleifera. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a woodland soil but thrives in a warm open well-drained loam if leafmould is added[4][2][13]. A calcifuge plant, preferring a pH between 5 and 7[2][13]. Prefers the partial shade of a light woodland[13].

This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[13]. It succeeds on a wall at Kew and outdoors in milder areas[2]. Prefers a wet summer and a cool but not very frosty dry winter[13]. Plants are not very self-compatible, self-fertilized flowers produce few seeds and these are of low viability[13]. This species has been cultivated for many centuries in China for the oil in its seed[3][14]. A very ornamental plant, some named forms have been developed for their ornamental value.

This species is closely related to C. sasanqua[2].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Camellia oleifera. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Camellia oleifera.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Camellia oleifera
Genus
Camellia
Family
Theaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Image Number K8235-1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.002.012.022.032.042.052.062.072.082.092.10 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Wilson. E. H. Plantae Wilsonae. ()
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    7. ? 7.07.1 Kariyone. T. Atlas of Medicinal Plants. ()
    8. ? 8.08.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 3. Thompson and Morgan. (1989-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.413.513.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    14. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
    15. ? [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)

    "image:Image Number K8235-1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Camellia oleifera"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyTheaceae +
    Belongs to genusCamellia +
    Has binomial nameCamellia oleifera +
    Has common nameTea-Oil Plant +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +
    Has edible useOil +
    Has fertility typeBees +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone8 +
    Has imageImage Number K8235-1.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye +, Insecticide + and Oil +
    Has mature height4 +
    Has mature width1.5 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnthelmintic +
    Has primary imageImage Number K8235-1.jpg +
    Has search namecamellia oleifera + and tea-oil plant +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceVery acid +, Acid + and Neutral +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameCamellia oleifera +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Camellia oleifera +, Camellia oleifera +, Camellia oleifera +, Camellia oleifera + and Camellia oleifera +