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Uses

Toxic parts

Ruminants are reported to have a toxic reaction from grazing this plant[1][2].

Edible uses

Notes

The aromatic bark is dried and used as a substitute for cinnamon[3][4][5][6][7][8][9].

Unknown part

Material uses

Leaves contain small quantities of camphor. They can be used as an insect repellent, perfume and disinfectant[10][11].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Antispasmodic, disinfectant[12][10].

The plant contains an alkaloid that has a powerfully depressant action on the heart[1]. A fluid extract has been used as an antiperiodic[1]. A tea made from the root or bark has been used as a strong emetic and diuretic for kidney and bladder ailments[2][11]. A cold tea has been used as eye drops in the treatment of failing eyesight[2][11].

An ooze from the bark has been used to treat children's sores, whilst an infusion has been used to treat hives[11].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. If the seed is harvested 'green' (as soon as it has fully developed but before it has dried on the plant) and sown immediately it can germinate in 3 weeks[13]. Dried seed germinates in 1 - 6 months at 15°c[14]. Stored seed requires between 3 weeks and 3 months cold stratification before sowing in the spring. When large enough to handle, prick out the seedlings into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer of the following year.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. They can be difficult[13]. Layering in spring. Sever the new plants in a wet spell of weather about 15 months later and then lift them in the autumn[15]. High percentage[15].

Division of suckers in early spring[4]. Very easy, they can be planted straight out into their permanent positions if required.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Calycanthus floridus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a light loamy soil that is deep and moist but succeeds in most fertile soils[4][16]. Requires a well-drained soil[17]. Prefers a sunny position but it tolerates shade when grown in warm temperate zones[4][18]. Requires a sheltered position, protected from cold winds[19].

Although the dormant plant is hardy to at least -20°c, the tender young growth in the spring can be damaged by late frosts[K]. All parts of the plant are richly fragrant[16]. The flowers have a refreshing scent of ripe apples[19]. The wood, leaves and roots smell strongly of camphor, whilst the bark smells like cinnamon[19]. This species is closely related to C. mohrii[16]. A very ornamental plant, there is at least one named variety developed for its ornamental value. 'Mrs Henry Type' is a large-flowered form[16].

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[18].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Calycanthus floridus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Calycanthus floridus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Calycanthus floridus
Genus
Calycanthus
Family
Calycanthaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Calycanthus floridus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Calycanthus floridus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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    "image:Calycanthus floridus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.5 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    9. ? 9.09.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. ()
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.5 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Coon. N. The Dictionary of Useful Plants. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-090-x (1975-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    14. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 3. Thompson and Morgan. (1989-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.116.216.3 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    17. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    18. ? 18.018.118.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    19. ? 19.019.119.2 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    20. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

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