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Botanical description

Wild B. oleracea is a tall biennial plant, forming a stout rosette of large leaves in the first year. The leaves, being fleshier and thicker than those of other species of Brassica, have adaptations to store water and nutrients in its difficult native growing environment of chalky cliffs. In its second year, the stored nutrients are used to produce a flower spike 1 to 2 metres (3?7 ft) tall bearing numerous yellow flowers.

Uses

Edible uses

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Brassica oleracea.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed

Sow April in situ. Seedlings transplant very well and so, if you sow the seed too thickly, it is a simple matter to move some of the plants to give them more space.


Cultivation

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in full sun in any reasonable soil, though it prefers a well-drained fertile preferably alkaline soil[5]. It does well in heavy clay soils. It is often found wild by the coast and tolerates considerable maritime exposure. The true wild cabbage is a short-lived perennial, though we have seen specimens 5 years old or more[6]. This species has long been cultivated for its edible leaves, stems etc and a wide diversity of forms have been developed, including cabbages, cauliflowers, broccolis and Brussels sprouts[1]. Most of these forms are biennial in cultivation, though there are also some perennial forms. These different forms are detailed below and have each been given their own entry in the database. We have chosen the most up to date classification we can find, as treated in 'World Economic Plants'.

Cultivars

The following information needs to be moved to individual cultivar & cultivar group articles.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Brassica oleracea. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Brassica oleracea.

Setting subspecies...
  • " Cultivar" is not in the list of possible values (Family, Genus, Species, Subspecies, Variety, Cultivar Group, Cultivar) for this property.
  • The given value was not understood.
Setting subspecies...
  • " Cultivar" is not in the list of possible values (Family, Genus, Species, Subspecies, Variety, Cultivar Group, Cultivar) for this property.
  • The given value was not understood.

Descendants

Cultivar Groups & Cultivars

Viridis Group

Common names: Kale, Collard greens, Cow cabbage, Tree kale, Tree cabbage
[9]

Alboglabra Group

Common names: Chinese kale, Chinese broccoli, White flowering broccoli
Chinese kales are fast-growing plants with tender edible leaves. Although perennials[5], they are usually grown as annuals and are eaten as a summer and autumn crop whilst still young.

Botrytis Group

Common names: Cauliflower
Cauliflowers are grown mainly for their edible swollen inflorescence. Different cultivars can be used to provide crops all year round.

Capitata Group

Common names: Cabbage
These are the cultivated cabbages, grown for their edible leaves that usually form a compact head. Reasonably winter hardy, different cultivars can be used to provide edible plants all year round.

Gemmifera Group

Common names: Brussel sprouts
Brussels sprouts form large edible axillary buds 5cm or more long. They are mainly used as late autumn to spring crops.

Gongylodes Group

Common names: Kohlrabi, Turnip-stemmed cabbage, Hungarian turnip, Cabbage turnip
Kohl rabi produces an edible swollen stem 8cm or more in diameter. It is reasonably cold hardy and provides crops from mid summer to the winter.

Italica Group

Common names: Broccoli, Winter cauliflower
The calabreses and sprouting broccolis, grown mainly for their edible flowering shoots. Calabrese is the less hardy and is used mainly as an autumn and early winter crop. The sprouting broccolis are very winter hardy and are grown outdoors through the winter to provide a spring to early summer crop.

Medullosa Group

Common names: Marrow-stem kale, Marrow kale, Marrow-stemmed kale
Marrowstem Kale.

Ramosa Group

Common names: Thousand-head kale, Perpetual kale, Branching cabbage, Perennial kale, Branching bush kale, Branching kale, Leaf and spear kale, Siberian kale

Sabuada Group

Common names: Savoy cabbage, Winter cabbage
Sometimes referred to as a cultivar within the Capitata Group, there are a number of cultivars of the original Savoy, which are more correctly listed under the Subuada Group[9].

A winter cabbage with thick, wrinkled leaves.

Sabellica Group

Common names: Borecole [en-GB], Curly kale, Kitchen kale, Scotch kale [en-GB], Siberian kale

Costata Group

Common names: Portuguese cabbage, Bedford cabbage,Tronchuda kale, Tronchuda cabbage, Portuguese kale, Tronchuda cabbage, Seakale cabbage, Madeira cabbage, White-flowered cabbage

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Brassica oleracea
Genus
Brassica
Family
Brassicaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
yellow
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (32202/01/01)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (32202/01/01)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (32202/01/01)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
  6. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named pfaf
  7. ? Fiona Nevile [Purple Sprouting Broccoli] Cottage Small Holder (2013/03/20)
  8. ? [January King Cabbage] Wikipedia (2013/03/17)
  9. ? 9.09.1 [Sorting Brassica oleracea names] MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE (2013/03/17)
  10. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (32202/01/01)


"image:Brassica oleracea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Brassica oleracea"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupNo +
Belongs to familyBrassicaceae +
Belongs to genusBrassica +
Has binomial nameBrassica oleracea +
Has common nameWild Cabbage +
Has cultivar groupViridis Group +, Alboglabra Group +, Botrytis Group +, Capitata Group +, Gemmifera Group +, Gongylodes Group +, Italica Group +, Medullosa Group +, Ramosa Group +, Sabuada Group +, Sabellica Group + and Costata Group +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partLeaves +
Has edible useFresh + and Cooked +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile + and Insects +
Has flowers of colouryellow +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone7 +
Has imageBrassica oleracea0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typeBiennial + and Perennial +
Has mature height1.2 +
Has medicinal partLeaves + and Seed +
Has medicinal useCardiotonic +, Stomachic +, Anthelmintic +, Diuretic +, Laxative + and Poultice +
Has primary imageBrassica oleracea0.jpg +
Has search namebrassica oleracea viridis group +, brassica oleracea alboglabra group +, brassica oleracea botrytis group +, brassica oleracea capitata group +, brassica oleracea gemmifera group +, brassica oleracea gongylodes group +, brassica oleracea italica group +, brassica oleracea medullosa group +, brassica oleracea ramosa group +, brassica oleracea sabuada group +, brassica oleracea sabellica group +, brassica oleracea costata group +, brassica oleracea + and wild cabbage +
Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
Has seed requiring stratificationNo +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameBrassica oleracea +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
Is grown fromSeed +
Is herbaceous or woodyHerbaceous +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Show on main page searchYes +
Tolerates air pollutionNo +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMetres +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Brassica oleracea +, Brassica oleracea +, Brassica oleracea +, Brassica oleracea +, Brassica oleracea + and Brassica oleracea +