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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4]. The flavour is somewhat acrid[5]. A pleasant sour flavour according to another report[6] whilst a third says that they are mild and agreeable and are used in salads[7]. The daisy is occasionally used as a potherb[8]. Flower buds and petals - raw[9][8]. Eaten in sandwiches, soups and salads[8].

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

An insect repellent spray can be made from an infusion of the leaves[10].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Daisies are a popular domestic remedy with a wide range of applications[2]. They are a traditional wound herb[6] and are also said to be especially useful in treating delicate and listless children[2]. Recent research (1994) has been looking at the possibility of using the plant in HIV therapy[6]. The herb is mildly anodyne, antispasmodic, antitussive, demulcent, digestive, emollient, expectorant, laxative, ophthalmic, purgative and tonic[2][11][12]. The fresh or dried flowering heads are normally used[11]. An infusion is used in the treatment of catarrh, rheumatism, arthritis, liver and kidney disorders, as a blood purifier etc[11].

The daisy once had a great reputation as a cure for fresh wounds[5]. An ointment made from the leaves is applied externally to wounds, bruises etc[5][13] whilst a distilled water is used internally to treat inflammatory disorders of the liver[5]. Chewing the fresh leaves is said to be a cure for mouth ulcers[14]. Daisies also have a reputation for effectiveness in treating breast cancers[2]. The flowers and leaves are normally used fresh in decoctions, ointments and poultices[6]. A strong decoction of the roots has been recommended for the treatment of scorbutic complaints and eczema, though it needs to be taken for some time before its effect becomes obvious[14]. A mild decoction may ease complaints of the respiratory tract, rheumatic pains and painful or heavy menstruation[14].

The plant, harvested when in flower, is used as a homeopathic remedy[13]. Its use is especially indicated in the treatment of bruising etc[13].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow as soon as the seed is ripe in June. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late summer[15]. Division after flowering[15]. Very easy, it can be done at almost any time of the year, though spring and early summer are best[K]. The divisions can be planted straight out into their permanent positions.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Bellis perennis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most well-drained soils in sun or semi-shade[16][15].

The daisy is commonly found growing in many lawns, some varieties have been developed for the flower garden[17]. It is a good plant for the spring meadow[18].

The plants have a very long flowering season, they will even produce a few flowers in the middle of mild winters[K].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Bellis perennis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Bellis perennis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Bellis perennis
Genus
Bellis
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.6 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn (1980-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. ()
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.5 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Les Ecologistes de l'Euzi?re Les Salades Sauvages Not given. ISBN 2-906128-04-X (1994-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Wild Food in Australia. Fontana ISBN 0-00-634436-4 (1976-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Castro. M. The Complete Homeopathy Handbook. Macmillan. London. ISBN 0-333-55581-3 (1990-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.214.3 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.115.215.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    16. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    17. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    18. ? Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()
    19. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

    "image:Bellis perennis white (aka).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Bellis perennis"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyCompositae +
    Belongs to genusBellis +
    Has binomial nameBellis perennis +
    Has common nameDaisy +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers + and Leaves +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees +, Flies +, Beetles + and Self +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone4 +
    Has imageBellis perennis white (aka).jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useRepellent +
    Has mature height0.15 +
    Has mature width0.15 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnodyne +, Antispasmodic +, Antitussive +, Cancer +, Demulcent +, Digestive +, Emollient +, Expectorant +, Laxative +, Ophthalmic +, Purgative + and Tonic +
    Has primary imageBellis perennis white (aka).jpg +
    Has search namebellis perennis + and daisy +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameBellis perennis +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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