This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

The plant contains calcium oxylate crystals. These cause an extremely unpleasant sensation similar to needles being stuck into the mouth and tongue if they are eaten, but they are easily neutralized by thoroughly drying or cooking the plant or by steeping it in water[5].

Edible uses

Notes

Tuber - cooked and used as a vegetable[1][2][3][4]. It must be thoroughly dried or cooked before being eaten, see the notes above on toxicity.

Root

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Arum dioscoridis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root is abortifacient[2].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse or cold frame as soon as it is ripe[6]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 6 months at 15°c[6]. Stored seed should be sown in the spring in a greenhouse and can be slow to germinate, sometimes taking a year or more. A period of cold stratification might help to speed up the process. Sow the seed thinly, and allow the seedlings to grow on without disturbance for their first year, giving occasional liquid feeds to ensure that they do not become mineral deficient. When the plants are dormant in the autumn, divide up the small corms, planting 2 - 3 in each pot, and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for a further year, planting out when dormant in the autumn. Division of the corms in summer after flowering[7]. Larger corms can be planted out direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up the smaller corms and grow them on for a year in a cold frame before planting them out.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Arum dioscoridis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a humus rich soil and abundant water in the growing season[8]. Grows well in woodland conditions[8]. Succeeds in sun or shade. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[7]. Because it comes into growth in the late autumn it is best grown by a warm wall or in a bulb frame[9] A polymorphic species[7]. The inflorescence is pollinated by flies and it smells of dung and carrion in order to attract the flies[7]. It also has the remarkable ability to heat itself above the ambient air temperature to such a degree that it is quite noticeable to the touch[10]. This probably protects the flowers from damage by frost, or allows it to penetrate frozen ground. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Arum dioscoridis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Arum dioscoridis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Arum dioscoridis
Genus
Arum
Family
Araceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    0.3 x 0.3
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.



    "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.




    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (32202/01/01)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (32202/01/01)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (32202/01/01)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (32202/01/01)
    5. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (32202/01/01)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (32202/01/01)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
    8. ? 8.08.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
    9. ? Phillips. R. and Rix. M. Bulbs Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30253-1 (32202/01/01)
    10. ? Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (32202/01/01)
    11. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (32202/01/01)


    "image:Arum dioscoridis.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.