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Uses

Toxic parts

The plant might be poisonous in large doses[15]. Skin contact can cause dermatitis in some people[21]. It is slightly toxic, and should never be used by pregnant women, especially in their first trimester, since it can cause a miscarriage[13][22]. Large, prolonged dosage can damage the nervous system[23].

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked[3][4][5][6][7]. Aromatic and somewhat bitter[2]. Their addition to the diet aids the digestion and so they are often used in small quantities as a flavouring, especially with fatty foods[1][2]. They are also used to give colour and flavour to glutinous-rice dumplings (Mochi)[1][2]. The young shoots are used in spring[24]. In Japan the young leaves are used as a potherb[1]. The dried leaves and flowering tops are steeped into tea[1]. They have also been used as a flavouring in beer, though fell into virtual disuse once hops came into favour[8].

Leaves, Flowers

Material uses

The fresh or the dried plant repels insects, it can be used as a spray but caution is advised since it can also inhibit plant growth[11]. A weak tea made from the infused plant is a good all-purpose insecticide[9]. An essential oil from the plant kills insect larvae[10]. The down on the leaves makes a good tinder for starting fires[12].

Leaves

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Mugwort has a long history of use in herbal medicine especially in matters connected to the digestive system, menstrual complaints and the treatment of worms[22]. It is slightly toxic, however, and should never be used by pregnant women, especially in their first trimester, since it can cause a miscarriage[13][22]. Large, prolonged dosage can damage the nervous system[23]. All parts of the plant are anthelmintic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cholagogue, diaphoretic, digestive, emmenagogue, expectorant, nervine, purgative, stimulant, slightly tonic and used in the treatment of women's complaints[8][13][14][15][16][17][18][9]. The leaves are also said to be appetizer, diuretic, haemostatic and stomachic[20][10][21]. They can be used internally or externally[10]. An infusion of the leaves and flowering tops is used in the treatment of nervous and spasmodic affections, sterility, functional bleeding of the uterus, dysmenorrhoea, asthma and diseases of the brain[20][19]. The leaves have an antibacterial action, inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus typhi, B. dysenteriae, streptococci, E. coli, B. subtilis, Pseudomonas etc[20]. The leaves are harvested in August and can be dried for later use[8]. The stem is also said to be antirheumatic, antispasmodic, and stomachic[10]. The roots are tonic and antispasmodic[19]. They are said to be one of the best stomachics[8]. They are harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[8]. The leaves, placed inside the shoes, are said to be soothing for sore feet[22]. The compressed dried leaves and stems are used in moxibustion[20][18][10][21][22]. Another report says that the down from the leaves is used[8].

All, Stem, Roots

All, Leaves, Stem, Roots

All, Roots

Leaves, Stem

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - surface sow from late winter to early summer in a greenhouse and do not allow the compost to dry out. When large enough to handle, prick out the seedlings into individual pots. If growth is sufficient, they can be planted out into their permanent positions in the summer, otherwise grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter and then plant them out in the spring. Division in spring or autumn. Basal cuttings in late spring. Harvest the young shoots when about 10 - 15cm long, pot up in a lightly shaded position in a greenhouse or cold frame and plant them out when well rooted. Very easy.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Artemisia vulgaris. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in a well-drained circumneutral or slightly alkaline loamy soil, preferring a sunny position and a moist soil[25][26][27]. Plants are longer lived, more hardy and more aromatic when they are grown in a poor dry soil[28]. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.8 to 8.2. Established plants are drought tolerant[27]. Mugwort is an aggressive and invasive plant[26], it inhibits the growth of nearby plants by means of root secretions[11][9]. The sub-species A. vulgaris parviflora. Maxim. is the form that is eaten in China[29]. There are some named varieties[27]. 'White' is a taller plant than the type species, growing to 1.5 metres. It has a strong, rather resinous or \"floral\" taste similar to chrysanthemum leaves and is used in soups or fried as a side dish[1]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[30].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Artemisia vulgaris. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Artemisia vulgaris.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Artemisia vulgaris
Genus
Artemisia
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
1.2 x 0.7
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:ArtemisiaVulgaris.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:ArtemisiaVulgaris.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:ArtemisiaVulgaris.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:ArtemisiaVulgaris.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.001.011.021.031.041.051.061.071.081.091.10 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.7 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (32202/01/01)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (32202/01/01)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (32202/01/01)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 ()
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (32202/01/01)
  8. ? 8.008.018.028.038.048.058.068.078.088.098.108.118.128.138.148.158.168.178.188.198.208.218.228.238.248.258.268.278.288.298.30 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (32202/01/01)
  9. ? 9.009.019.029.039.049.059.069.079.089.099.109.119.129.139.149.159.169.17 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (32202/01/01)
  10. ? 10.0010.0110.0210.0310.0410.0510.0610.0710.0810.0910.1010.1110.1210.1310.14 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (32202/01/01)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (32202/01/01)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. ()
  13. ? 13.0013.0113.0213.0313.0413.0513.0613.0713.0813.0913.1013.1113.1213.1313.1413.15 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (32202/01/01)
  14. ? 14.0014.0114.0214.0314.0414.0514.0614.0714.0814.0914.1014.1114.1214.13 Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (32202/01/01)
  15. ? 15.0015.0115.0215.0315.0415.0515.0615.0715.0815.0915.1015.1115.1215.1315.14 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (32202/01/01)
  16. ? 16.0016.0116.0216.0316.0416.0516.0616.0716.0816.0916.1016.1116.1216.13 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
  17. ? 17.0017.0117.0217.0317.0417.0517.0617.0717.0817.0917.1017.1117.1217.13 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
  18. ? 18.0018.0118.0218.0318.0418.0518.0618.0718.0818.0918.1018.1118.1218.1318.1418.15 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
  19. ? 19.019.119.219.319.4 Medicinal Plants of Nepal Dept. of Medicinal Plants. Nepal. (32202/01/01)
  20. ? 20.020.120.220.320.420.520.620.720.820.9 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (32202/01/01)
  21. ? 21.021.121.221.321.421.521.621.721.8 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (32202/01/01)
  22. ? 22.022.122.222.322.422.522.622.7 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (32202/01/01)
  23. ? 23.023.123.2 Stuart. M. (Editor) The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism Orbis Publishing. London. ISBN 0-85613-067-2 (32202/01/01)
  24. ? 24.024.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (32202/01/01)
  25. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
  26. ? 26.026.1 Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (32202/01/01)
  27. ? 27.027.127.227.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
  28. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (32202/01/01)
  29. ? Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (32202/01/01)
  30. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (32202/01/01)
  31. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (32202/01/01)


"image:ArtemisiaVulgaris.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Artemisia vulgaris"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCompositae +
Belongs to genusArtemisia +
Has binomial nameArtemisia vulgaris +
Has common nameMugwort +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partLeaves + and Flowers +
Has edible useColouring +, Condiment + and Beverage condiment +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone3 +
Has imageArtemisiaVulgaris.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partAll + and Leaves +
Has material useInsecticide +, Repellent + and Tinder +
Has mature height1.2 +
Has mature width0.7 +
Has medicinal partAll +, Stem +, Roots + and Leaves +
Has medicinal useAntiseptic +, Antispasmodic +, Appetizer +, Carminative +, Cholagogue +, Diaphoretic +, Digestive +, Diuretic +, Emmenagogue +, Expectorant +, Foot care +, Haemostatic +, Nervine +, Purgative +, Stimulant +, Tonic + and Moxibustion +
Has primary imageArtemisiaVulgaris.jpg +
Has search nameartemisia vulgaris + and mugwort +
Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
Has seed requiring stratificationNo +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameArtemisia vulgaris +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates air pollutionNo +
Tolerates maritime exposureNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windNo +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris +, Artemisia vulgaris + and Artemisia vulgaris +