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Uses

Toxic parts

We have no specific details for this species but most members of this genus have poisonous roots and stems[1]. The plant contains aristolochic acid, this has received rather mixed reports on its toxicity. According to one report aristolochic acid stimulates white blood cell activity and speeds the healing of wounds, but is also carcinogenic and damaging to the kidneys[2]. Another report says that it is an active antitumour agent but is too toxic for clinical use[3]. Another report says that aristolochic acid has anti-cancer properties and can be used in conjunction with chemotherapy and radiotherapy and that it also increases the cellular immunity and phagocytosis function of the phagocytic cells[4].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Aristolochia macrophylla.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Aristolochia macrophylla.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The plant contains the antiseptic and antitumor compound aristolochic acid[5].

A decoction of the root has been used externally to treat 'swelling of feet and legs'[6].

A compound infusion of stalk chips has been used in the treatment of 'yellowish urine'[6].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Pre-soak stored seed for 48 hours in hand-hot water and surface sow in a greenhouse[7]. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 months at 20°c[7]. Stored seed germinates better if it is given 3 months cold stratification at 5°c[8]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer after the last expected frosts.

Division in autumn[8].

Root cuttings in winter[8].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Aristolochia macrophylla. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a well-drained loamy soil, rich in organic matter, in sun or semi-shade[9][8], but succeeds in ordinary garden soil[7].

Plants are hardy to at least -10°c[8]. A fast-growing climbing plant, attaching itself by means of twining around other plants, it has been recommended for covering pergolas[8].

Most species in this genus have malodorous flowers that are pollinated by flies[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Aristolochia macrophylla. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Aristolochia macrophylla.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Aristolochia macrophylla
Genus
Aristolochia
Family
Aristolochiaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    7 x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)
    2. ? Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    3. ? Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    4. ? Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.68.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    9. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    10. ? Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
    11. ? [Flora of N. America] ()

    "image:Aristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Aristolochia macrophylla"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyAristolochiaceae +
    Belongs to genusAristolochia +
    Has binomial nameAristolochia macrophylla +
    Has common namePipevine +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has fertility typeFlies +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateVigorous +
    Has hardiness zone6 +
    Has imageAristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg +
    Has mature height7 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntiseptic + and Antitumor +
    Has primary imageAristolochia macrophylla on tree.jpg +
    Has search namearistolochia macrophylla + and pipevine +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameAristolochia macrophylla +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheClimber +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Aristolochia macrophylla + and Aristolochia macrophylla +