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Uses

Toxic parts

All parts of the plant, including the seed, contain toxic alkaloids[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves[2] No further details are given but caution is advised, see the notes on toxicity at the top of the page.

Leaves

Material uses

A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed, used for lighting, soap etc[3][4][5][6][7]. A medicinal fixed oil (essential oil?) is obtained from the seed[8].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The whole plant is analgesic, antispasmodic, possibly hallucinogenic and sedative[3][4][8][9][10][11]. It contains alkaloids similar to those in the opium poppy (P. somniferum) and so can be used as a mild pain-killer[11].

The fresh yellow, milky, acrid sap contains protein-dissolving substances and has been used in the treatment of warts, cold sores, cutaneous affections, skin diseases, itches etc[12][13][11]. It has also been used to treat cataracts[11] and has been taken internally in the treatment of dropsy and jaundice[14][13]. The root is alterative and has been used in the treatment of chronic skin diseases[14][13]. The flowers are expectorant and have been used in the treatment of coughs and other chest complaints[11]. The seed is demulcent, emetic, expectorant and laxative[14][13]. An infusion, in small quantities, is used as a sedative for children, but caution is advised since the oil in the seed is strongly purgative[11]. The seed has also been used as an antidote to snake poisoning[14][13]. The pounded seeds, mixed with mustard oil, are applied externally to treat itchy skin[7].

The oil from the seed is demulcent and purgative[11][7]. It has been used externally in the treatment of skin problems[14][13][7]. Caution is advised in the use of this oil, prolonged ingestion produces toxic effects resembling those occurring in epidemic dropsy[14].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow April in situ[15]. The seed usually germinates in 3 - 4 weeks at 15°c[16].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Argemone mexicana. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in a light soil in a sunny position[17][16][18]. Does best in a poor well-drained soil[16].

This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[15].

Usually grown as a hardy annual in Britain[17]. It resents being transplanted and should be sown in situ[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Argemone mexicana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Argemone mexicana.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Argemone mexicana
Genus
Argemone
Family
Papaveraceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Argemone mexicana flower 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Argemone mexicana flower 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Focus on Plants. Volume 5. (formerly 'Growing from seed') Thompson and Morgan. (1991-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Haywood. V. H. Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-217674-9 ()
  6. ? 6.06.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.5 Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
  9. ? 9.09.1 Pesman. M. W. Meet Flora Mexicana. Dale S. King. Arizona. (1962-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Emboden. W. Narcotic Plants Studio Vista ISBN 0-289-70864-8 (1979-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.511.611.7 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.413.513.6 Medicinal Plants of Nepal Dept. of Medicinal Plants. Nepal. (1993-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.114.214.314.414.514.6 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.116.216.3 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
  17. ? 17.017.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  18. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  19. ? Small. Manual of the Southeastern Flora. ()

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Facts about "Argemone mexicana"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyPapaveraceae +
Belongs to genusArgemone +
Has binomial nameArgemone mexicana +
Has common namePrickly Poppy +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partLeaves +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone8 +
Has imageArgemone mexicana flower 4.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useEssential + and Oil +
Has mature height0.6 +
Has mature width0.45 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAlterative +, Analgesic +, Antispasmodic +, Antitussive +, Demulcent +, Emetic +, Expectorant +, Hallucinogenic +, Purgative +, Sedative +, Skin + and Warts +
Has primary imageArgemone mexicana flower 4.jpg +
Has search nameargemone mexicana + and prickly poppy +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameArgemone mexicana +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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