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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4]. The fully ripe fruit is pleasantly acid with a flavour resembling green apples[5]. It can be dried, ground into a powder then used in making cakes etc[6]. The fruit can also be used for making jelly and cider[5]. The fruit is about 8 - 10mm in diameter[7]. Seed - ground into a powder and added to soups etc[8]. The seed is very small and would be difficult to separate from the fruit. It would be easier to dry the whole fruit, grind this into a powder and use it in soups etc[K].

Fruit

Material uses

A yellowish-brown dye is obtained from the leaves, it does not require a mordant[9].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are astringent[2]. They have been used in the treatment of VD[6]. They are also used as a poultice on burns, cuts etc[6].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe. Pre-soak dried seed in boiling water for 10 - 20 seconds or burn some straw on top of them and then stratify at 2 - 5°c for 2 months[10][7]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 months at 15°c[11]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer.

Cuttings of side shoots of the current season's growth, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August to December in a frame. The cuttings are very slow and can take a year to root[12][13]. This species is very difficult from cuttings[14]. Division in early spring. Take care because the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and keep them in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are growing away actively.

Layering in spring[7].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Arctostaphylos patula. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a deep moist well-drained light or medium lime-free loam in sun or semi-shade[1][10][14][7] but plants produce less fruit when they are grown in the shade[7]. Prefers a soil that is dry in the summer[15]. Plants are not very wind-firm[10].

Plants are hardy to about -10°c[15]. This species was growing well at Chelsea Physic garden after the harsh winter of 1985/86, showing no signs of damage[10]. Highly fire resistant[16], it can regenerate after a forest fire from a mallee-like base[14][15]. Plants self-layer in nature[16]. A very ornamental plant[12], it grows well in Britain[1].

Plants resent root disturbance and should be placed in their final positions as soon as possible[10][11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Arctostaphylos patula. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Arctostaphylos patula.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Arctostaphylos patula
Genus
Arctostaphylos
Family
Ericaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    2 x 2 meters
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Arctostaphylos patula 08154.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arctostaphylos patula 08154.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Arctostaphylos patula 08154.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Arctostaphylos patula 08154.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Sweet. M. Common Edible and Useful Plants of the West. Naturegraph Co. ISBN 0-911010-54-8 (1962-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Balls. E. K. Early Uses of Californian Plants. University of California Press ISBN 0-520-00072-2 (1975-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    13. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.2 Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.115.2 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Arnberger. L. P. Flowers of the Southwest Mountains. Southwestern Monuments Ass. (1968-00-00)
    17. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-60

    "image:Arctostaphylos patula 08154.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Arctostaphylos patula"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyEricaceae +
    Belongs to genusArctostaphylos +
    Has binomial nameArctostaphylos patula +
    Has common nameGreenleaf Manzanita +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit + and Seed +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees + and Self +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone6 +
    Has imageArctostaphylos patula 08154.JPG +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye +
    Has mature height2 +
    Has mature width2 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAstringent +, Poultice + and VD +
    Has primary imageArctostaphylos patula 08154.JPG +
    Has search namearctostaphylos patula + and greenleaf manzanita +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceVery acid + and Acid +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameArctostaphylos patula +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Arctostaphylos patula +, Arctostaphylos patula +, Arctostaphylos patula +, Arctostaphylos patula +, Arctostaphylos patula + and Arctostaphylos patula +