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Uses

Toxic parts

Dill is said to contain the alleged 'psychotroph' myristicine[1]. There are also reports that dill can cause photosensitivity and or dermatitis in some people[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked[2][3][4][5][6]. Used as a flavouring in salads etc[7][8]. The leaves lose their flavour if the are cooked for any length of time and so are best used raw or added to cooked dishes only a few minutes before the cooking is complete[9]. The leaves can be harvested at any time the plant is growing, but are best just before the plant flowers[9]. Per 100g, the plant contains 253 calories, 7.2g water, 20g protein, 4.4g fat, 55.8g carbohydrate, 11.9g fibre, 12.6g ash, 1784mg calcium, 543mg phosphorus, 48.8mg iron, 451mg magnesium, 208mg sodium, 3,308mg potassium, 3.3mg zinc, 0.42mg thiamine, 0.28mg riboflavin, 2.8mg niacin and 1.5mg vitamin B6[1].

Seed - raw or cooked. Very pungent and bitter in taste[3]. It is used as a flavouring in salads, preserves etc[2][10][4][6][11][8], its chief uses being perhaps in making dill vinegar and as a flavouring in pickled gherkins[3]. It can also be sprouted and used in breads, soups and salad dressings[8]. Per 100g, the seed contains 305 calories, 7.7g water, 14.5g fat (0.73g saturated, 124mg phytosterol and no cholesterol), 55.2g carbohydrate, 21g fibre, 6.7g ash, 1,516mg calcium, 277mg phosphorus, 16.3mg iron, 256mg magnesium, 20mg sodium, 1,186mg potassium, 5.2mg zinc, 53IU vitamin A, 0.42mg thiamine and 0.28mg riboflavin[1]. An essential oil from the seed is used as a flavouring in the food industry[11][12].

A tea is made from the leaves and/or the seeds[8].

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

The seed contains up to 4% essential oils[9]. It is used in perfuming soaps[3], medicines and as a food flavouring[9]. Some compounds of dill (d-carvone is mentioned as one of them), when added to insecticides, have greatly increased the effectiveness of the insecticides[1].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Dill has a very long history of herbal use going back more than 2,000 years. The seeds are a common and very effective household remedy for a wide range of digestive problems. An infusion is especially efficacious in treating gripe in babies and flatulence in young children. The seed is aromatic, carminative, mildly diuretic, galactogogue, stimulant and stomachic[3][6][11][13]. It is also used in the form of an extracted essential oil[14]. Used either in an infusion, or by eating the seed whole, the essential oil in the seed relieves intestinal spasms and griping, helping to settle colic[15]. Chewing the seed improves bad breath[15]. Dill is also a useful addition to cough, cold and flu remedies, it can be used with antispasmodics such as Viburnum opulus to relieve period pains[15]. Dill will also help to increase the flow of milk in nursing mothers and will then be taken by the baby in the milk to help prevent colic[15].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow April to early summer in situ and only just cover[16][17]. The seed germinates in 2 weeks if the soil is warm. A regular supply of leaves can be obtained if successional sowings are made from May to the end of June[18][16]. Autumn sowings can succeed if the winters are mild[3]. Dill is very intolerant of root disturbance and should not be transplanted because it will then quickly run to seed.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Anethum graveolens. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant[3], it prefers a moderately rich loose soil and full sun[5][19][20]. Requires a well-drained soil[19] and shelter from the wind[16]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.3 to 7.8.

Dill is a commonly cultivated herb, especially in warm temperate and tropical zones. It is grown mainly for its edible leaves and seeds, though it is also used medicinally. There are many named varieties[21][8]. 'Bouquet' is an American cultivar that has a prolific production of seeds[17]. The sub-species A. graveolens sowa from India has a slightly different flavour to the type species[17]. The plant quickly runs to seed in dry weather[16]. It often self-sows when growing in a suitable position[22][20]. A good companion for corn and cabbages, also in moderation for cucumbers, lettuce and onions, but it inhibits the growth of carrots[5][23][24]. Dill reduces a carrot crop if it is grown to maturity near them[25]. However, the young plant will help to deter carrot root fly[25].

The flowers are very attractive to bees[5][23][24].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Anethum graveolens. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Anethum graveolens.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Anethum graveolens
Genus
Anethum
Family
Umbelliferae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Illustration Anethum graveolens0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Anethum graveolens0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.6 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.63.73.83.9 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (1979-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.5 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.4 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
    14. ? 14.014.1 Medicinal Plants of Nepal Dept. of Medicinal Plants. Nepal. (1993-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.4 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.116.216.316.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.117.2 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    18. ? Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (1987-00-00)
    19. ? 19.019.1 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
    20. ? 20.020.1 RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)
    21. ? Brouk. B. Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press ISBN 0-12-136450-x (1975-00-00)
    22. ? Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. (1878-00-00)
    23. ? 23.023.1 Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-00-00)
    24. ? 24.024.1 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
    25. ? 25.025.1 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (1993-00-00)
    26. ? Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)

    "image:Illustration Anethum graveolens0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Anethum graveolens"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyUmbelliferae +
    Belongs to genusAnethum +
    Has binomial nameAnethum graveolens +
    Has common nameDill +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +, Leaves + and Seed +
    Has edible useCondiment +, Unknown use + and Tea +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile + and Bees +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone8 +
    Has imageIllustration Anethum graveolens0.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useEssential + and Insecticide +
    Has mature height0.75 +
    Has mature width0.15 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntihalitosis +, Aromatic +, Carminative +, Diuretic +, Galactogogue +, Stimulant + and Stomachic +
    Has primary imageIllustration Anethum graveolens0.jpg +
    Has search nameanethum graveolens + and dill +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameAnethum graveolens +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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