Uses

Edible uses

Seed

Ground as a Flour

Stem

Raw, Cooked as a Vegetable

Material uses

The canes make excellent plant supports and are also used for making items such as umbrella handles, walking sticks, fan handles and pipe stems[5][6][7]. The canes are very hard but super-flexible[7]. A fibre from the stems is used for making paper[8]. The stems are harvested at any time of the year and crushed with a hammer. They are then cooked for 2 hours or more with lye and beaten in a ball mill for 4 hours. The fibre makes a yellow/gold to cream paper[8].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Phyllostachys aurea.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Division in spring as new growth commences. Divisions from the open ground do not transplant well, so will need careful treatment and nurturing under cover in pots until at least late spring[9]. Division is best carried out in wet weather and small divisions will establish better than large clumps[9]. Another report says that you can take large divisions from established clumps and transfer them straight to their permanent positions, misting or drenching them frequently until they are established[10].

Seed

Surface sow as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Grow on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse until large enough to plant out.

Rooted cuttings

Basal cane cuttings in spring.


Cultivation

Requires a rich damp soil in a sheltered position[10]. Dislikes prolonged exposure to hard frosts[10]. Established plants are drought resistant[11].

A very hardy bamboo, it succeeds in most parts of Britain[5] but suffers leaf and culm damage at temperatures below about -15°c. Plants only flower at intervals of many years. When they do come into flower most of the plants energies are directed into producing seed and consequently the plant is severely weakened. They sometimes die after flowering, but if left alone they will usually recover though they will look very poorly for a few years. If fed with artificial NPK fertilizers at this time the plants are more likely to die[12]. Although called the ' Golden Bamboo', the leaves of this plant only turn golden if plants are grown in full sun[7], especially if the plants are half-starved. This species is considered by some botanists to be a part of P. bambusoides[5]. Cultivated for its edible shoots in China[5][6], it has the sweetest taste of the genus[5]. It has been widely planted as an ornamental in the Mediterranean and seems to be naturalizing there[13]. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[10]. The rootstock is running[5], but not aggressively so, the plant forming fairly tight clumps[7]. New shoots are produced from late May[5].

This is a good companion species to grow in a woodland because the plants have shallow root systems that do not compete with deep tree roots[7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Phyllostachys aurea. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Phyllostachys aurea.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Phyllostachys aurea
Genus
Phyllostachys
Family
Gramineae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
Shade
partial shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
?
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
6 x 6
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (32202/01/01)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (32202/01/01)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (32202/01/01)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.65.75.85.9 Lawson. Bamboos. Faber (32202/01/01)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Grounds. R. Ornamental Grasses. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-1219-9 (32202/01/01)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.5 Farrelly. D. The Book of Bamboo Sierra Club. ISBN 0-87156-825-X (32202/01/01)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Bell. L. A. Plant Fibres for Papermaking. Liliaceae Press (32202/01/01)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (32202/01/01)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
  11. ? Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (32202/01/01)
  12. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 1. 1979 - 1980. Royal Horticultural Society (32202/01/01)
  13. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (32202/01/01)
  14. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-11




Facts about "Phyllostachys aurea"RDF feed
Article is incompleteTrue +
Article requires citationsTrue +
Article requires cleanupTrue +
Belongs to familyGramineae +
Belongs to genusPhyllostachys +
Can be grown from cutting typeSemi-ripe + and Root +
Has binomial namePhyllostachys aurea +
Has common nameGolden Bamboo +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partSeed + and Stem +
Has edible useFlour + and Vegetable +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material usePaper +, Plant support + and Wood +
Has mature height6 +
Has mature width6 +
Has search namephyllostachys aurea + and golden bamboo +
Has seed requiring scarificationFalse +
Has seed requiring stratificationFalse +
Has shade tolerancePartial shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy namePhyllostachys aurea +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is grown fromSeed +, Cutting + and Suckers +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates air pollutionFalse +
Tolerates maritime exposureFalse +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilFalse +
Tolerates windFalse +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Phyllostachys aurea +, Phyllostachys aurea +, Phyllostachys aurea +, Phyllostachys aurea + and Phyllostachys aurea +