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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Used as a condiment[1]. No more details are given.

Unknown part

Material uses

An essential oil is obtained from the root and young stems. It is harvested before the leaves unfurl[2]. It is used in perfumery[3] and as a hair tonic where it is said to make the hair grow faster and also to turn it black[4][5][6]. The dried leaves are used as an incense[7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root is antispasmodic, carminative, deobstruent, deodorant, diuretic, emmenagogue, laxative, nervine, sedative, stimulant and stomachic[4][6][8][9]. It is an excellent substitute for valerian, Valeriana officinalis, and is taken internally in the treatment of epilepsy, hysteria and convulsive affections, nervous indigestion, insomnia, depression and tension headaches[5][3][10]. Externally, it is used as a deodorant and to treat rashes[3]. A paste of the root is used externally to treat haemorrhoids[7]. The root is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[3]. Use this remedy with caution, overdoses are toxic[9].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[3]. The seed requires light for germination[3]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Division in spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Nardostachys grandiflora. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in any moderately fertile moisture-retentive soil in full sun or light shade, especially from the midday sun[11][3]. Dislikes growing in rich soils[3].

Plants are hardy to at least -15°c[3].

The hairy portion of the stem, just above the roots, has a strong aroma somewhat like patchouli[12]. The fresh root is fragrant, but the scent becomes more pronounced as the root dries[12]. This plant is the spikenard of the Ancients, it was once very popular as a perfume[13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Nardostachys grandiflora. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Nardostachys grandiflora.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Nardostachys grandiflora
Genus
Nardostachys
Family
Valerianaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
  • Unknown part (Condiment)
Material uses
  • Unknown part (Essential)
  • Unknown part (Hair care)
  • Unknown part (Incense)
Medicinal uses
  • Unknown part (Antispasmodic)
  • Unknown part (Carminative)
  • Unknown part (Deobstruent)
  • Unknown part (Deodorant)
  • Unknown part (Diuretic)
  • Unknown part (Emmenagogue)
  • Unknown part (Laxative)
  • Unknown part (Nervine)
  • Unknown part (Sedative)
  • Unknown part (Stimulant)
  • Unknown part (Stomachic)
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 ? Encyclopaedia Britannica. 15th edition. ()
    3. ? 3.003.013.023.033.043.053.063.073.083.093.10 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Polunin. O. and Stainton. A. Flowers of the Himalayas. Oxford Universtiy Press (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    13. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)


    Facts about "Nardostachys grandiflora"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyValerianaceae +
    Belongs to genusNardostachys +
    Has binomial nameNardostachys grandiflora +
    Has common nameSpikenard +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +
    Has edible useCondiment +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has imageNardostachys grandiflora.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useEssential +, Hair care + and Incense +
    Has mature height0.25 +
    Has mature width0.25 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntispasmodic +, Carminative +, Deobstruent +, Deodorant +, Diuretic +, Emmenagogue +, Laxative +, Nervine +, Sedative +, Stimulant + and Stomachic +
    Has primary imageNardostachys grandiflora.jpg +
    Has salinity tolerance
    Has search namenardostachys grandiflora + and spikenard +
    Has seed requiring scarification
    Has seed requiring stratification
    Has seed with dormancy depth
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameNardostachys grandiflora +
    Has thumbnail
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migrated No +
    PFAF edible use notes migrated No +
    PFAF material use notes migrated No +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migrated No +
    PFAF propagation notes migrated No +
    PFAF toxicity notes migrated Yes +
    Tolerates air pollution
    Tolerates maritime exposure
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soil
    Tolerates wind
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +