The juice of the flowers has been used in the treatment of malignant fevers.The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Difficult. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, 10 - 12cm with a heel, October/November in a frame. The cuttings are rather slow and difficult to root, leave them for 12 months. Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months.Root cuttings in the winter.
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A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to about -40°c. However, plants prefer a continental climate and are apt to be cut back in severe winters in Britain because the summer is often not warm enough to have fully ripened the wood. A very variable species. This species is often cultivated in N. Europe for its edible fruits, there are many named varieties and some of these are thornless. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby. An excellent companion plant, when grown in orchards it can increase yields from the fruit trees by up to 10%. Plants are very tolerant of pruning, they usually resprout freely even when cut right back to the ground. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus.The flowers are sweetly and heavily scented.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
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Polycultures & Guilds
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