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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young shoots and stems - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4][5]. Strongly aromatic[6][7], they are used as a flavouring or as a vegetable[8]. Cooked leaves become bitter if overcooked at a high temperature[8]. Young leaves are excellent in salads[8]. The leaves quickly wilt once they have been picked so it is best to harvest them as required[8]. They contain about 1.85% protein, 0.43% fat, 2.57% carbohydrate, 0.98% ash[9]. They are rich in vitamin B1, contain a moderate content of vitamin C and a little vitamin A[9]. Flowers - raw[5]. Blanched briefly and added to salads[6]. The centre of the flower is bitter so only the petals are normally used[8]. A fragrant pickle known as 'kikumi' is made from the petals in Japan[6].

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

Possibly a good companion plant, protecting neighbouring plants from caterpillars etc[Gardener's World, 28/04/89]. There is a report that secretions from the roots can be effective in controlling nematodes in the soil, but this has not been substantiated[8].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are expectorant and stomachic[10]. In conjunction with black pepper it is used in the treatment of gonorrhoea[11].

The flowers are aromatic, bitter and stomachic[11]. They are used as a substitute for camomile (Chamaemelum nobile)[11].

The bark is purgative, it is used in the treatment of syphilis[11].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - surface-sow in spring to early autumn in situ. The seed usually germinates within 10 - 18 days at 15°c[8]. Successional sowings can be made at intervals of a few weeks in order to ensure a constant supply of young plants[8]. Autumn sowings succeed in mild areas[12]. An autumn sowing under cover will often supply leaves all winter[8].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[13], but it prefers a well-drained fertile soil in full sun[7][8]. It will tolerate light shade in the summer[8]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.2 to 7.5.

Plants do not grow well at temperatures above 25°c, tending to become bitter in hot weather[8]. Plants withstand light frosts[8]. Chop suey greens are commonly cultivated as a vegetable in the Orient and are becoming better known in the West[7]. There are many named varieties[6]. It takes 4 - 5 weeks from sowing the seed to the first harvest when plants are grown on the cut and come again principle[8].

Plants often self-sow when they are well-sited and the soil is disturbed by hoeing etc[K].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum
Genus
Chrysanthemum
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Harrison. S. Wallis. M. Masefield. G. The Oxford Book of Food Plants. Oxford University Press (1975-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Brooklyn Botanic Garden Oriental Herbs and Vegetables, Vol 39 No. 2. Brooklyn Botanic Garden (1986-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? 8.008.018.028.038.048.058.068.078.088.098.108.118.128.138.148.15 Larkcom J. Oriental Vegetables John Murray ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 (1991-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.4 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    12. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
    13. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    14. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)


    Facts about "Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyCompositae +
    Belongs to genusChrysanthemum +
    Has binomial nameChrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum +
    Has common nameChop-Suey Greens +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers + and Leaves +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees +, Flies +, Beetles +, Lepidoptera + and Self +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useRepellent +
    Has mature height1.2 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAromatic +, Bitter +, Expectorant +, Purgative +, Stomachic + and VD +
    Has search namechrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum + and chop-suey greens +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameChrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum +, Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum +, Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum +, Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum +, Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum +, Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum +, Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum +, Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum + and Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum +