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Uses

Toxic parts

The plant is poisonous in large quantities[1]. The plant contains aristolochic acid, this has received rather mixed reports on its toxicity. According to one report aristolochic acid stimulates white blood cell activity and speeds the healing of wounds, but is also carcinogenic and damaging to the kidneys[2]. Another report says that it is an active antitumour agent but is too toxic for clinical use[3]. Another report says that aristolochic acid has anti-cancer properties and can be used in conjunction with chemotherapy and radiotherapy and that it also increases the cellular immunity and phagocytosis function of the phagocytic cells[4].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Aristolochia rotunda.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Aristolochia rotunda.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root is antitussive, diuretic, emmenagogue, pectoral, vermifuge and vulnerary[5][1][6][7]. This herb should only be used internally with expert advice since large doses can provoke abortions as well as poisoning with inflammation of the mucous membranes, resulting in respiratory paralysis[1]. The plant contains aristolochic acid which, whilst stimulating white blood cell activity and speeding the healing of wounds, is also carcinogenic and damaging to the kidneys[2]. Externally the plant is used to treat a variety of skin complaints including eczema and difficult to heal ulcers[1]. The root is harvested in late spring and dried for later use[1].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Pre-soak stored seed for 48 hours in hand-hot water and surface sow in a greenhouse[8]. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 months at 20°c[8]. Stored seed germinates better if it is given 3 months cold stratification at 5°c[9]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer after the last expected frosts.

Division in autumn[9].

Root cuttings in winter[9].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Aristolochia rotunda. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a well-drained loamy soil, rich in organic matter, in sun or semi-shade[10][8][9]. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[8]. Most species in this genus have malodorous flowers that are pollinated by flies[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Aristolochia rotunda. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Aristolochia rotunda.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Aristolochia rotunda
Genus
Aristolochia
Family
Aristolochiaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
  • Unknown part (Abortifacient)
  • Unknown part (Antitussive)
  • Unknown part (Diuretic)
  • Unknown part (Emmenagogue)
  • Unknown part (Pectoral)
  • Unknown part (Vermifuge)
  • Unknown part (Vulnerary)
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    3. ? Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    4. ? Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    11. ? Polunin. O. Flowers of Greece and the Balkans. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-217626-9 (1980-00-00)

    Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-17" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.


    Facts about "Aristolochia rotunda"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyAristolochiaceae +
    Belongs to genusAristolochia +
    Has binomial nameAristolochia rotunda +
    Has common nameSnakeroot +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has fertility typeFlies +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has imageAristolochia rotunda.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height0.6 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAbortifacient +, Antitussive +, Diuretic +, Emmenagogue +, Pectoral +, Vermifuge + and Vulnerary +
    Has primary imageAristolochia rotunda.jpg +
    Has salinity tolerance
    Has search namearistolochia rotunda + and snakeroot +
    Has seed requiring scarification
    Has seed requiring stratification
    Has seed with dormancy depth
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceLoamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameAristolochia rotunda +
    Has thumbnail
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migrated No +
    PFAF edible use notes migrated Yes +
    PFAF material use notes migrated Yes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migrated No +
    PFAF propagation notes migrated No +
    PFAF toxicity notes migrated No +
    Tolerates air pollution
    Tolerates maritime exposure
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soil
    Tolerates wind
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +