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Uses

Toxic parts

No members of this genus are known to be poisonous, but when grown on nitrogen-rich soils they are known to concentrate nitrates in the leaves. This is especially noticeable on land where chemical fertilizers are used. Nitrates are implicated in stomach cancers, blue babies and some other health problems. It is inadvisable, therefore, to eat this plant if it is grown inorganically.

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves - cooked as a spinach[1][2]. Rich in vitamins and minerals, they have a mild flavour[K].

Seed - raw or cooked. They can be used as a cereal substitute. They can also be popped in much the same way as popcorn[1]. The seed can be soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then allowed to sprout for about 11 days[3]. They can then be added to salads[1]. Very small but the seed is easy to harvest and very nutritious. The seed can be cooked whole, and becomes very gelatinous like this, but it is rather difficult to crush all of the small seeds in the mouth and thus some of the seed will pass right through the digestive system without being assimilated[K].

A red pigment obtained from the plant is used as a food colouring[2].

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

Yellow and green dyes can be obtained from the whole plant[4]. A red dye obtained from the plant (the report does not specify which part of the plant) is used as a colouring in foods and medicines[2].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The whole plant contains tannin and is astringent[2][5]. It is used internally in the treatment of diarrhoea and excessive menstruation[2][5]. It can be used as a gargle to soothe inflammation of the pharynx and to hasten the healing of ulcerated mouths[5], whilst it can also be applied externally to treat vaginal discharges, nosebleeds and wounds[2]. The plant can be used fresh or it can also be harvested when coming into flower and dried for later use[2].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow late spring in situ. An earlier sowing can be made in a greenhouse and the plants put out after the last expected frosts. Germination is usually rapid and good if the soil is warm[6]. A drop in temperature overnight aids germination[6]. Cuttings of growing plants root easily[7].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Amaranthus hypochondriacus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position[8]. Requires a hot sheltered position if it is to do well[K]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.2 to 7.5.

Plants should not be given inorganic fertilizers, see notes above on toxicity. Often cultivated, especially in tropical areas, for its edible leaves and seeds, there are many named varieties[1]. This is the most robust and highest yielding of the grain amaranths, though it is late maturing and therefore less suitable for northern areas[1].

Most if not all members of this genus photosynthesize by a more efficient method than most plants. Called the 'C4 carbon-fixation pathway', this process is particularly efficient at high temperatures, in bright sunlight and under dry conditions[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Amaranthus hypochondriacus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Amaranthus hypochondriacus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Amaranthus hypochondriacus
Genus
Amaranthus
Family
Amaranthaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.72.82.9 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. (1987-00-00)
    7. ? Larkcom J. Oriental Vegetables John Murray ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 (1991-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    9. ? Popenoe. H. et al Lost Crops of the Incas National Academy Press ISBN 0-309-04264-X (1990-00-00)

    "image:Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Amaranthus hypochondriacus"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyAmaranthaceae +
    Belongs to genusAmaranthus +
    Has binomial nameAmaranthus hypochondriacus +
    Has common namePrince's Feather +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +, Leaves + and Seed +
    Has edible useColouring + and Unknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Wind + and Self +
    Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
    Has imageAmaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye +
    Has mature height1.2 +
    Has mature width0.5 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAstringent +
    Has primary imageAmaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) plant.JPG +
    Has search nameamaranthus hypochondriacus + and prince's feather +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameAmaranthus hypochondriacus +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Amaranthus hypochondriacus +, Amaranthus hypochondriacus +, Amaranthus hypochondriacus +, Amaranthus hypochondriacus + and Amaranthus hypochondriacus +