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Uses

Toxic parts

Although no individual reports regarding this species have been seen, there have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in very large quantities and by some mammals, of certain members of this genus. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible[11].

Edible uses

Flowers

Fresh as a Garnish

Leaves

Bulbs

Eat

Material uses

The juice of the plant is used as an insect repellent, it also has fungicidal properties and is effective against scab, mildew etc[12][13][14][8]. The growing plant is said to repel insects and moles[12][14][10].

Juice

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The whole plant has a beneficial effect on the digestive system and the blood circulation. It improves the appetite, is digestive, hypotensive and tonic[8]. It has similar properties to garlic (A. sativum), but in a much milder form, and it is rarely used medicinally[15].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Germination is usually free and easy, pot up the seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle easily and plant out in the following spring. Division can be carried out at almost any time of the year but is probably best done in spring. The clumps should be divided at least every 3 or 4 years in order to maintain vigour[10], the divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.

Seed

Cultivation

An easily grown plant[16], it prefers a sunny position in a rich moist but well-drained soil[12][17], though it succeeds in most soils[18][17][10] and also in light shade[16]. Grows well in heavy clay soils[16]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.2 to 8.3. Chives are commonly cultivated in the garden for their edible leaves which are available from late winter to the beginning of the following winter[K]. The bulbs divide rapidly and large clumps are quickly formed. There are some named varieties[1][10][16]. Chives are very tolerant of heavy harvesting, regular cutting of the leaves ensures a continuous supply of young leaves and prevents the plants flowering[7]. Plants can be moved into a frame or other protected environment in the autumn and will then produce leaves throughout the winter[7]. Do not do this every year or it weakens the plants. The bulbs should be planted fairly deeply[18]. A good bee plant[19]. Grows well with most plants, especially roses, carrots, beet and chamomile, but it inhibits the growth of legumes[13][14][20]. Helps to reduce the incidence of scab when it is grown under apple trees[8]. This plant is a bad companion for alfalfa, each species negatively affecting the other[8]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[21].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

Malus domestica (Apple)

Allium schoenoprasum (Chive) or other members of the Allium genus are grown under apple trees it is reported to assist in the prevention of scab.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Allium schoenoprasum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Allium schoenoprasum
Genus
Allium
Family
Alliaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    0.3 x 0.3
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    indigo
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (32202/01/01)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (32202/01/01)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (32202/01/01)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (32202/01/01)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Organ. J. Rare Vegetables for Garden and Table. Faber (32202/01/01)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.68.7 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (32202/01/01)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (32202/01/01)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.510.610.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
    11. ? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (32202/01/01)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.3 Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (32202/01/01)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (32202/01/01)
    14. ? 14.014.114.214.3 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (32202/01/01)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (32202/01/01)
    16. ? 16.016.116.216.3 Davies. D. Alliums. The Ornamental Onions. Batsford ISBN 0-7134-7030-5 (32202/01/01)
    17. ? 17.017.1 Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. (32202/01/01)
    18. ? 18.018.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
    19. ? Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()
    20. ? Hatfield. A. W. How to Enjoy your Weeds. Frederick Muller Ltd ISBN 0-584-10141-4 (32202/01/01)
    21. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (32202/01/01)
    22. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (32202/01/01)

    Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-90" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.


    "image:Allium schoenoprasum a1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Allium schoenoprasum"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyAlliaceae +
    Belongs to genusAllium +
    Has common nameChives +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers +, Leaves + and Bulbs +
    Has edible useGarnish +, Flavouring + and Eat +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +
    Has flowers of colourindigo +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateModerate +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageAllium schoenoprasum a1.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partDrink + and Plant +
    Has material useFungicide +, Insect repellent + and Mole repellent +
    Has mature height0.3 +
    Has mature width0.3 +
    Has medicinal partPlant +
    Has medicinal useAppetizer +, Digestive +, Hypotensive + and Tonic +
    Has primary imageAllium schoenoprasum a1.jpg +
    Has search nameallium schoenoprasum + and x +
    Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
    Has seed requiring stratificationNo +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
    Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
    Has soil teheavy clayture preferenceHeavy clay +
    Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
    Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomy nameAllium schoenoprasum +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is grown fromSeeds + and Tuber +
    Is herbaceous or woodyHerbaceous +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    Tolerates air pollutionNo +
    Tolerates maritime exposureNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Tolerates windNo +