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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Flowers - cooked[1]. Rich in pollen, they are often used in fritters. The flowers have a penetrating scent[2].

Flowers

Material uses

A yellow dye is obtained from the flowers[3].

A green dye is obtained from the seed pods[3]. The extensive root system of this plant helps to prevent soil erosion[4]. The bark is rich in tannin[5].

Wood - hard, dark, close grained, high quality, takes a high polish. Used for furniture, fittings etc[6][7][8][9][10][11].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Antirheumatic[5].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Earth stabiliser


Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sunny position in a warm greenhouse[6]. Stored seed should be scarified, pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then sown in a warm greenhouse in March. The seed germinates in 3 - 4 weeks at 25°c[12]. As soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in a sunny position in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and consider giving them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in individual pots in a frame[13]. Overwinter in a greenhouse for the first winter and plant out in their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Fair percentage[13].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Acacia melanoxylon. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a sandy loam and a very sunny position[6]. Prefers a deep moist soil[11]. Succeeds in a hot dry position[14]. Succeeds in any good garden soil that is not excessively limey[8]. Most members of this genus become chlorotic on limey soils[4].

This is one of the hardier members of the genus, tolerating temperatures down to about -10°c[15]. It succeeds outdoors in Britain from Dorset westwards, also in south-western Scotland and in Ireland[6][8]. However, even in the mildest areas of the country it is liable to be cut back to the ground in excessively cold winters though it can resprout from the base[8]. It is planted for timber in south-west Europe[16]. This species produces both phyllodes (basically a flattened stem that looks and acts like a leaf) and true leaves[6][14]. The roots are very vigorous and extensive - they often produce suckers[15] and can damage the foundations of buildings[4].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[4].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Acacia melanoxylon. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Acacia melanoxylon.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Acacia melanoxylon
Genus
Acacia
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Wild Food in Australia. Fontana ISBN 0-00-634436-4 (1976-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Lassak. E. V. and McCarthy. T. Australian Medicinal Plants. ()
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.5 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Ewart. A. J. Flora of Victoria. ()
    10. ? 10.010.1 Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Useful Wild Plants in Australia. William Collins Pty Ltd. Sidney ISBN 0-00-216441-8 (1981-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.2 Holliday. I. and Hill. R. A Field Guide to Australian Trees. Frederick Muller Ltd. ISBN 0-85179-627-3 (1974-00-00)
    12. ? Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. (1987-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2 Pan Books, London. ISBN 0-330-37376-5 (1998-00-00)
    16. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)

    "image:Acacia melanoxylon branch.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Acacia melanoxylon"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
    Belongs to genusAcacia +
    Functions asEarth stabiliser + and Nitrogen fixer +
    Has binomial nameAcacia melanoxylon +
    Has common nameBlackwood +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateVigorous +
    Has hardiness zone8 +
    Has imageAcacia melanoxylon branch.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye +, Tannin + and Wood +
    Has mature height30 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntirheumatic +
    Has primary imageAcacia melanoxylon branch.jpg +
    Has search nameacacia melanoxylon + and blackwood +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameAcacia melanoxylon +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSecondary canopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Acacia melanoxylon +, Acacia melanoxylon +, Acacia melanoxylon +, Acacia melanoxylon + and Acacia melanoxylon +