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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seeds - raw or cooked. They can be eaten raw when they are under-ripe[1]. The ripe seed is dried and ground into a powder then used in soups, bread etc[2][3]. It is washed first to remove any bitterness[1]. The seed contains about 17.4% protein, 16% fat, 33.8% carbohydrate, 4.4% ash[1]. Unripe fruit - raw[2]. This is really more of a seedpod[K].

Fruit

Material uses

A fibre obtained from the stems is used as a jute substitute[4][5]. It is coarse but flexible and strong[5][6]. It is also used in rope-making[7][8]. It takes dyes well[6]. The fibre is also used for making paper, the stems are harvested in the summer, the leaves removed and the stems steamed in order to remove the fibres[9]. The seeds contain about 19% of a semi-drying oil[10].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Ophthalmic. Used in the treatment of dysentery and opacity of the cornea[11][3].

The leaves contain 0.01% rutin and are used as a demulcent[10]. A tea made from the dried leaves is used in the treatment of dysentery and fevers[12]. A poultice of the leaves is applied to ulcers[12]. The bark is astringent and diuretic[10]. A tea made from the dried root is used in the treatment of dysentery and urinary incontinence[12]. It is also used to treat fevers[10].

The seed is powdered and eaten in the treatment of dysentery, stomach-aches etc[12]. It is demulcent, diuretic, emollient, laxative and stomachic[13].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow early April in a greenhouse. Germination should take place within 2 - 3 weeks. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in May or June, after the last expected frosts. An outdoor sowing in April to early May in situ could also be tried, especially in those areas with warm summers.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Abutilon theophrasti. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires full sun or part day shade and a fertile well-drained soil[14]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5 to 8.2.

This species is cultivated for its fibre in China and Russia where it succeeds as far north as latitude 56°n in W. Siberia[8][4]. It is hardier and more disease-resistant than Jute (Corchorus spp.)[4].

Introduced to N. America in the eighteenth century, it has become a pestilential weed in many parts of the country[15].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Abutilon theophrasti. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Abutilon theophrasti.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Abutilon theophrasti
Genus
Abutilon
Family
Malvaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 ? Encyclopaedia Britannica. 15th edition. ()
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. ()
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Bell. L. A. Plant Fibres for Papermaking. Liliaceae Press (1988-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Singh. Dr. G. and Kachroo. Prof. Dr. P. Forest Flora of Srinagar. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1976-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.4 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    15. ? Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)

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