This is an archived copy of this article, recovered after a server failure in January 2022.

Some links may be broken, and editing is disabled. We are working to bring back full functionality.


Edible uses


Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4]. It makes excellent jams and preserves[5]. The fruit can also be dried for later use[4]. A sweet and pleasant flavour[6][7][8] though this is not always properly developed in the cooler summers of Britain[9]. The fruit is very seedy[10]. Rich in vitamin C[4]. The hemispherical fruit is about 20mm in diameter[11].

Young shoots - peeled and eaten cooked or raw[6][7][2][3][12]. The shoots are harvested as they emerge in the spring, and whilst they are still young and tender[13][4]. They can be cooked like asparagus[5]. The shoots are rich in vitamin C[4].

Flowers - raw[12].



Material uses

The leaves are used to line baskets etc for carrying soft fruit or other delicate items[14][3].

Plants are very vigorous and can be grown as a tall ground cover for large areas[15]. A soap is obtained from the boiled bark[14][3][5].

A purple to dull blue dye is obtained from the fruit[16].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are antiemetic, astringent, blood tonic and stomachic[12][5]. An infusion is used internally in the treatment of stomach complaints, diarrhoea and dysentery, anaemia, the spitting up of blood and to treat vomiting[17][5]. An infusion has been taken by women when their periods are unusually long[5]. A poultice of the dried powdered leaves has been used to treat wounds and burns[5]. The leaves have been crushed and rubbed over the skin to treat pimples and blackheads[5]. A poultice of the leaf ashes, mixed with oil, has been used to treat swellings[5].

The young shoots are alterative and antiscorbutic[5].

The roots are appetizer, astringent, stomachic and tonic[12][5]. An infusion has been used by thin people to help them gain weight[5]. An infusion has also been used in the treatment of stomach disorders, diarrhoea and dysentery[17][5]. A decoction of the roots has been taken in the treatment of pimples and blackheads[5].


Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Seed - requires stratification, is best sown in early autumn in a cold frame. Sow stored seed as early as possible in the year in a cold frame and stratify for a month at 3°c if sowing later than February. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow on in a cold frame. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring of the following year.

Tip layering in July. Plant out in autumn.

Division in early spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Rubus parviflorus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Easily grown in a good well-drained loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[18][9][11]. Can be grown in a woodland garden though it is less likely to fruit well in such a position[K].

This plant has perennial stems without prickles[11] and is less invasive than the related R. odoratus[19].

Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[11].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Rubus parviflorus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Rubus parviflorus.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Rubus parviflorus
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Flower Colour
    Flower Type


    1. ? 1.01.1 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
    2. ? Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-00-00)
    3. ? Gunther. E. Ethnobotany of Western Washington. University of Washington Press ISBN 0-295-95258-X (1981-00-00)
    4. ? Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    6. ? Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    7. ? Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Sweet. M. Common Edible and Useful Plants of the West. Naturegraph Co. ISBN 0-911010-54-8 (1962-00-00)
    9. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Arnberger. L. P. Flowers of the Southwest Mountains. Southwestern Monuments Ass. (1968-00-00)
    11. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    12. ? Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    13. ? 13.013.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    14. ? Turner. N. J. Plants in British Columbian Indian Technology. British Columbia Provincial Museum ISBN 0-7718-8117-7 (1979-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    17. ? Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    18. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    19. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)

    Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-17" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

    Facts about "Rubus parviflorus"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyRosaceae +
    Belongs to genusRubus +
    Functions asGround cover +
    Has binomial nameRubus parviflorus +
    Has common nameThimbleberry +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers +, Fruit + and Stem +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateModerate +
    Has hardiness zone3 +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye +, Lining + and Soap +
    Has mature height2.5 +
    Has mature width2 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntiemetic +, Antiphlogistic +, Appetizer +, Astringent +, Blood tonic +, Poultice +, Salve +, Stomachic +, Tonic + and Women's complaints +
    Has search namerubus parviflorus + and thimbleberry +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameRubus parviflorus +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus +, Rubus parviflorus + and Rubus parviflorus +