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Toxic parts

There is a layer of hairs around the seeds just beneath the flesh of the fruit. These hairs can cause irritation to the mouth and digestive tract if ingested.

Edible uses


Fruit - raw or made into preserves, pies etc[1][2][3]. The fruit is about 7mm in diameter[4], but there is only a thin layer of flesh surrounding the many seeds[K]. The fruit is rich in carotene (81.4mg per 100g) and vitamin C[5]. Some care has to be taken when eating this fruit, see the notes above on known hazards.

Young leaves and shoots - raw or cooked[1][2][3]. Used as they emerge from the ground in spring. The young leaves contain more than 200mg per 100g of vitamin C[5].

The seed is a good source of vitamin E, it can be ground and mixed with flour or added to other foods as a supplement[6][3]. Be sure to remove the seed hairs[6]. The seed contains about 8% oil[5].


Material uses

The plant is fairly wind tolerant and can be grown as a shelter hedge though it can be damaged by salt laden winds[7]. The plant has a dense sturdy habit and makes an excellent hedge[8].

The root contains 23-25 per cent of tannin[9]. An essential oil obtained from the fresh flowers is used in the cosmetic industry[9]. The plant also has an extensive root system and is used for soil stabilization[10][4].

This species can also be used as a rootstock for other species of rose, especially for ramblers and when grown on poor soils[10][4].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are poulticed and applied to sores[5].

The fruit is anodyne, diuretic, hypoglycaemic and laxative[5]. It is also antidotal to fish poisoning[5]. It is used to treat constipation and articular pain[11] and as an application to foul ulcers, wounds, sprains and injuries[12]. The seed is laxative and diuretic[5]. The root is rich in tannins. It is astringent and carminative[5].

The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers[13].


Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions



Earth stabiliser


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Seed. Rose seed often takes two years to germinate. This is because it may need a warm spell of weather after a cold spell in order to mature the embryo and reduce the seedcoat[14]. One possible way to reduce this time is to scarify the seed and then place it for 2 - 3 weeks in damp peat at a temperature of 27 - 32°c (by which time the seed should have imbibed). It is then kept at 3°c for the next 4 months by which time it should be starting to germinate[14]. Alternatively, it is possible that seed harvested 'green' (when it is fully developed but before it has dried on the plant) and sown immediately will germinate in the late winter. This method has not as yet(1988) been fully tested[14]. Seed sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame sometimes germinates in spring though it may take 18 months. Stored seed can be sown as early in the year as possible and stratified for 6 weeks at 5°c[4]. It may take 2 years to germinate[4]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Plant out in the summer if the plants are more than 25cm tall, otherwise grow on in a cold frame for the winter and plant out in late spring.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July in a shaded frame. Overwinter the plants in the frame and plant out in late spring[15]. High percentage[15]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth. Select pencil thick shoots in early autumn that are about 20 - 25cm long and plant them in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame[15][4]. The cuttings can take 12 months to establish but a high percentage of them normally succeed[15]. Division of suckers in the dormant season. Plant them out direct into their permanent positions.

Layering. Takes 12 months[10].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Rosa multiflora. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Succeeds in most soils[10], preferring a circumneutral soil and a sunny position[4]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds on poor soils[4]. Dislikes water-logged soils[4].

Grows well with alliums, parsley, mignonette and lupins[16][17]. Garlic planted nearby can help protect the plant from disease and insect predation[16][17]. Grows badly with boxwood[16]. A very ornamental plant[18], more than 100 blooms can be produced in a single cluster[8]. These flowers possess a delicious sweet fruity perfume[8]. Plants often self-layer[10]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[14].

Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[4].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Rosa multiflora. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Rosa multiflora.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Rosa multiflora
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
5 x meters
Flower Colour
Flower Type

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"image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


  1. ? Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  2. ? Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  4. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  5. ? Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  6. ? Kavasch. B. Native Harvests. Vintage Books ISBN 0-394-72811-4 (1979-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Rosewarne experimental horticultural station. Shelter Trees and Hedges. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1984-00-00)
  8. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  9. ? [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)
  10. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea World Health Organisation, Manila ISBN 92 9061 120 0 (1998-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)
  14. ? McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  15. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  16. ? Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-00-00)
  17. ? 17.017.1 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
  18. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)

"image:Rosa multiflora (200705).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Rosa multiflora"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyRosaceae +
Belongs to genusRosa +
Functions asHedge +, Rootstock + and Earth stabiliser +
Has common nameJapanese Rose +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFruit +, Seeds + and Stem +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeBee +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageRosa multiflora (200705).jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useEssential + and Tannin +
Has mature height5 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAnodyne +, Antidote +, Astringent +, Cancer +, Carminative +, Diuretic +, Laxative +, Poultice + and Hypoglycaemic +
Has primary imageRosa multiflora (200705).jpg +
Has search namerosa multiflora + and x +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teheavy clayture preferenceHeavy clay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameRosa multiflora +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +