This is an archived copy of this article, recovered after a server failure in January 2022.

Some links may be broken, and editing is disabled. We are working to bring back full functionality.


Edible uses


Seed - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4]. The seed is rich in oil and has a pleasant mild flavour[1]. It is very nice when eaten raw and is also widely used in confectionery, ice cream, cakes, pies etc[5].

An edible oil is obtained from the seed but is not produced commercially due to the high price of the seed[5].

The fruits can be made into a flavourful marmalade[5].


Unknown part


Material uses

The seed yields up to 40% of a non-drying oil. It is not used commercially due to the high value of the seed for food[5]. Male trees yield a small quantity of a high grade resin. It is used in paints, lacquers etc[4].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The plant is used in China for the treatment of abdominal ailments, abscesses, amenorrhoea, bruises, chest ailments, circulation, dysentery, gynecopathy, pruritus, rheumatism, sclerosis of the liver, sores and trauma[6]. The seed is said to be sedative and tonic[7].

Unknown part


Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Pre-soak the seed for 16 hours in alkalized water[8], or for 3 - 4 days in warm water[9], and sow late winter in a cold frame or greenhouse[8][10]. Two months cold stratification may speed up germination, so it might be better to sow the seed in early winter[10]. The germination is variable and can be slow. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow on the plants for at least their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out into their permanent positions in early summer and consider giving some protection from winter cold for their first year or two outdoors[K].

Cuttings of half-ripe wood from juvenile trees, July in a frame[10].


Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Pistacia vera. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Requires a sunny position in a deep well-drained light soil[11]. Succeeds in dry soils. Does well in light calcareous soils[11]. Grows well on poor soils[11]. Prefers long hot summers and low humidity[11].

Plants are not very hardy in Britain and are unlikely to succeed outdoors in any but the mildest areas of the country. They will be hardier in areas with long hot summers that will thoroughly ripen the wood. Plants are prone to fungal root rots[11]. The pistachio nut is often cultivated for its edible seed in warm temperate areas, there are many named forms[5]. It is very unlikely to produce a crop of seeds in Britain, simply because the summers here are not hot enough or long enough[K]. Any pruning that needs to be done is best carried out in the spring[12].

Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. One male plant for every five females is adequate[11].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Pistacia vera. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Pistacia vera.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Pistacia vera
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
  • Fruit (Unknown use)
  • Unknown part (Oil)
  • Seed (Unknown use)
Material uses
  • Unknown part (Oil)
  • Unknown part (Resin)
Medicinal uses
  • Unknown part (Miscellany)
  • Unknown part (Sedative)
  • Unknown part (Tonic)
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Flower Colour
Flower Type


  1. ? Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  4. ? Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
  5. ? Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  9. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  10. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  11. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  12. ? Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  13. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-11

Facts about "Pistacia vera"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyPistaciaceae +
Belongs to genusPistacia +
Has binomial namePistacia vera +
Has common namePistachio +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFruit +, Unknown part + and Seed +
Has edible useUnknown use + and Oil +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeSelf sterile +
Has flowers of typeDioecious +
Has hardiness zone9 +
Has imagePistacio vera Kerman 2.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useOil + and Resin +
Has mature height10 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useMiscellany +, Sedative + and Tonic +
Has primary imagePistacio vera Kerman 2.jpg +
Has salinity tolerance
Has search namepistacia vera + and pistachio +
Has seed requiring scarification
Has seed requiring stratification
Has seed with dormancy depth
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy namePistacia vera +
Has thumbnail
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migrated No +
PFAF edible use notes migrated No +
PFAF material use notes migrated No +
PFAF medicinal use notes migrated No +
PFAF propagation notes migrated No +
PFAF toxicity notes migrated Yes +
Tolerates air pollution
Tolerates maritime exposure
Tolerates nutritionally poor soil
Tolerates wind
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +