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Edible uses


Leaves - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4]. They can be eaten at any stage from seedling to mature plant[5]. Well-flavoured, they are sweet with a hint of mustard[5].The leaves are also dried for winter use[5]. The leaves have pronounced stems and these can also be eaten, they tend to have a mild, almost bland flavour[5]. A nutritional analysis is available[6].

Immature flowering stems - cooked like broccoli[5]. A sweet flavour[5].

An edible oil is obtained from the seed.


Unknown part


Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Brassica rapa chinensis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaf is antiarthritic, antiscorbutic and resolvent[6].


Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Seed - sow in situ May to August. Spring sown crops are prone to run quickly to seed if there is a spell of cold weather[5]. Some varieties can also be sown in a cold greenhouse in autumn or early spring to provide leaves overwinter and in late spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Brassica rapa chinensis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Succeeds in full sun in a well-drained fertile preferably alkaline soil[7]. Prefers a pH of 5.5 to 7[7]. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.3 to 7.5. Prefers a cool moist reasonably fertile soil[2]. The plant is shallow rooted and intolerant of drought, it needs to be grown in a moist fertile soil for the best quality leaves[5].

Plants are not tremendously cold-hardy, though they will withstand light frosts[8].

Pak choi is widely cultivated, especially in China, for its edible leaves which are produced mainly in the summer and autumn. A fast-growing plant, there are many named varieties and some can be ready in as little as five weeks from sowing the seed[9][5][10]. Forms with green stems tend to stand up better to adverse conditions than white-stemmed forms[5].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Brassica rapa chinensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Brassica rapa chinensis.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Brassica rapa chinensis
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Flower Colour
    Flower Type


    1. ? 1.01.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    2. ? Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn (1980-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Brooklyn Botanic Garden Oriental Herbs and Vegetables, Vol 39 No. 2. Brooklyn Botanic Garden (1986-00-00)
    5. ? Larkcom J. Oriental Vegetables John Murray ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 (1991-00-00)
    6. ? Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    7. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. (1987-00-00)
    9. ? RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)
    10. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Vegetables Macmillan Reference Books, London. ISBN 0 333 62640 0 (1995-00-00)

    Facts about "Brassica rapa chinensis"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyBrassicaceae +
    Belongs to genusBrassica +
    Has binomial nameBrassica rapa chinensis +
    Has common namePak Choi +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partLeaves +, Unknown part + and Stem +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Oil +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees + and Self +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone7 +
    Has lifecycle typeBiennial +
    Has mature height0.9 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntirheumatic +, Antiscorbutic + and Resolvent +
    Has search namebrassica rapa chinensis + and pak choi +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameBrassica rapa chinensis +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Brassica rapa chinensis +, Brassica rapa chinensis +, Brassica rapa chinensis +, Brassica rapa chinensis +, Brassica rapa chinensis + and Brassica rapa chinensis +