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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or dried for winter use. Very acid when it first ripens, it becomes sweet and edible after exposure to frost[1]. The fruit is 5 - 10mm in diameter[1] and is carried in small bunches[2].

Young leaves are wrapped around other foods and then baked, they impart a pleasant flavour.

Young tendrils - raw or cooked.

Fruit

Leaves

Material uses

A yellow dye is obtained from the fresh or dried leaves[3]. The sap can be rubbed into the scalp as a tonic for the hair[4].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are hepatic[4]. They have been used in the treatment of the liver[4]. The wilted leaves have been applied as a poultice to the breasts to draw away soreness after the birth of a child[4].

An infusion of the bark has been used to treat urinary complaints[4].

An infusion of the roots has been taken in the treatment of rheumatism and diabetes[4].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[K]. Six weeks cold stratification improves the germination rate, and so stored seed is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is obtained. Germination should take place in the first spring, but sometimes takes another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in early summer.

Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth, December/January in a frame. These cuttings can be of wood 15 - 30cm long or they can be of short sections of the stem about 5cm long with just one bud at the top of the section. In this case a thin, narrow strip of the bark about 3cm long is removed from the bottom half of the side of the stem. This will encourage callusing and the formation of roots. Due to the size of these cuttings they need to be kept in a more protected environment than the longer cuttings.

Layering.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Vitis vulpina. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a deep rich moist well-drained moderately fertile loam[5][1]. Grows best in a calcareous soil[1]. Succeeds in sun or partial shade though a warm sunny position is required for the fruit to ripen[1].

The young growth in spring can be damaged by late frosts. There has been much confusion in the past between this species, V. cordifolia and V. riparia. Some treatments of the genus only use V. cordifolia and V. riparia, relegating this species to a synonym, but [1] recognizes all three species and this is the treatment followed here[K]. Plants climb by means of tendrils[6]. The flowers are sweetly scented[7]. Any pruning should be carried out in winter when the plants are dormant otherwise they bleed profusely[6][1].

Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[1].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Vitis vulpina. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Vitis vulpina.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Vitis vulpina
Genus
Vitis
Family
Vitaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.61.71.81.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.7 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    5. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    7. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    8. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-11

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