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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - parboiled, seasoned and then eaten[1].

The leaves are used as a tea substitute[2][1].

The flowers are used as a garnish[1].

Flowers

Leaves

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Verbena officinalis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Vervain, which has tonic and restorative properties, is sometimes used as a domestic herbal remedy. It is useful when taken internally in the treatment of headaches, fevers, nervous exhaustion, depression, gall bladder problems, insufficient lactation etc[3][4]. It should not be given to pregnant women, though it can be used to assist contractions during labour[4]. Externally, it is used to treat minor injuries, eczema, sores, neuralgia and gum disease[4].

The leaves and flowering stems are analgesic, antibacterial, anticoagulant, antispasmodic, astringent, depurative, diaphoretic, mildly diuretic, emmenagogue, galactogogue, stimulant, tonic and vulnerary[3][5][6][7][8][9][10][4]. The plant is harvested as flowering begins in the summer and dried for later use[2][4]. Some remarkable results have been obtained when using this plant in the treatment of certain tumours, but further research needs to be carried out before definite claims can be made[2]. The root is astringent, it is used in the treatment of dysentery[10]. This species was ranked 12th in a Chinese survey of 250 potential antifertility plants[10].

The plant is used in Bach flower remedies - the keywords for prescribing it are 'Strain', 'Stress', 'Tension' and 'Over-enthusiasm'[11].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within 3 weeks. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and plant them out in early summer.

If you have sufficient seed, it can also be sown in situ in late spring. Division in spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the summer or the following spring.

Basal cuttings in early summer. Harvest the shoots with plenty of underground stem when they are about 8 - 10cm above the ground. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Verbena officinalis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

A very easily grown plant, it succeeds in any moderately fertile well-drained but moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[12][13]. Plants are very tolerant of neglect and will maintain themselves for a number of years even when growing in dense weed competition[K].

Self-sows freely when growing in a suitable position[K].

The growing plant attracts butterflies and moths[14].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Verbena officinalis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Verbena officinalis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Verbena officinalis
Genus
Verbena
Family
Verbenaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Verbena officinalis1pl.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.5 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
  8. ? 8.08.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
  9. ? 9.09.1 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Chancellor. P. M. Handbook of the Bach Flower Remedies C. W. Daniel Co. Ltd. ISBN 85207 002 0 (1985-00-00)
  12. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  14. ? Carter D. Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe. Pan ISBN 0-330-26642-x (1982-00-00)
  15. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

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