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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use[1][2][3][4][5][6]. Somewhat sweet but slightly dry[5][7]. The fruit is quite palatable but is nothing special[K]. A strong flavour, they are usually cooked in pies, preserves etc[8][5]. The fruit will often hang on the bush until early winter[7]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter[9]. A tea is made from the leaves and dried fruit[2].

Fruit

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Vaccinium ovatum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are antiseptic, astringent, carminative and hypoglycaemic[10].

An infusion of the leaves and sugar have been given to a mother after childbirth to help her regain her strength[6].

A decoction of the leaves has been used in the treatment of diabetes[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow late winter in a greenhouse in a lime-free potting mix and only just cover the seed[11]. Stored seed might require a period of up to 3 months cold stratification[12]. Another report says that it is best to sow the seed in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe[9]. Once they are about 5cm tall, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August in a frame[11]. Slow and difficult. Layering in late summer or early autumn[11]. Another report says that spring is the best time to layer[9]. Takes 18 months[11].

Division of suckers in spring or early autumn[12].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Vaccinium ovatum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a moist but freely-draining lime free soil, preferring one that is rich in peat or a light loamy soil with added leaf-mould[13][9]. Prefers a very acid soil with a pH in the range of 4.5 to 6, plants soon become chlorotic when lime is present. Succeeds in full sun or light shade though it fruits better in a sunny position[9]. Most species require shelter from strong winds[9], but judging by the native range of this species it might succeed in maritime exposure[K].

Hardy to about -15°c[14]. Plants are sometimes cut back by late frosts[13] A very ornamental plant[15], it is sometimes cultivated for its edible fruit, there are some named varieties[5]. One report says that it does not fruit freely in Britain[13], but a shrub growing in the shade of oak trees at the RHS gardens in Wisley was seen to be heavy with fruit in the autumns of 1987 and 1988[K]. A shade loving plant, growing well in a woodland[16]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[9].

Dislikes root disturbance, plants are best grown in pots until being planted out in their permanent positions[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Vaccinium ovatum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Vaccinium ovatum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Vaccinium ovatum
Genus
Vaccinium
Family
Ericaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Vaccinium ovatum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Vaccinium ovatum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Vaccinium ovatum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Vaccinium ovatum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Vaccinium ovatum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Vaccinium ovatum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Vaccinium ovatum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Vaccinium ovatum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Vaccinium ovatum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Vaccinium ovatum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Vaccinium ovatum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Gunther. E. Ethnobotany of Western Washington. University of Washington Press ISBN 0-295-95258-X (1981-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Turner. N. J. Food Plants of Coastal First Peoples UBC Press. Vancouver. ISBN 0-7748-0533-1 (1995-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.69.79.89.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  14. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 Hitchcock. C. L. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press (1955-00-00)
  16. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)

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