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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw[1][2][3]. A hot watercress flavour[4]. The leaves are very nice in small quantities on their own or as a flavouring in mixed salads, they are available from early summer until the first frosts of the autumn[K].

Flowers - raw[1][2][3][4]. A very ornamental and tasty addition to the salad bowl, the flowers have a hot watercress flavour[5]. The flowers contain about 130mg vitamin C per 100g[6]. Young seed pods - raw[1][2][3]. These are even hotter than the flowers or leaves[K]. The seed pods can also be harvested whilst immature and pickled for use as a caper substitute[4].

Seed - raw or cooked. Very hot[K]. The mature seed can be ground into a powder and used as a pepper substitute[4].

Unknown part

Flowers

Leaves

Seedpod

Material uses

The growing plant attracts aphids away from other plants. Research indicates that aphids flying over plants with orange or yellow flowers do not stop, nor do they prey on plants growing next to or above the flowers[7]. An insecticide can be made from an infusion of leaves and soap flakes[7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The whole plant is antibiotic, antiseptic, aperient, diuretic and expectorant[5][8]. It is useful in breaking up congestion in the respiratory passages and chest during colds[8]. The juice or tea can be used as an external or internal antiseptic[8]. The plant has antibiotic properties towards aerobic spore forming bacteria[9], it is also said to have a beneficial effect on the blood by promoting the formation of blood cells[8].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow April in situ. The seed usually germinates within 2 weeks. Seed can also be sown in March in pots in a greenhouse and planted out in late spring or early summer.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Tropaeolum minus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a rich light well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade[3]. More and lusher leaves are produced when the plant is growing in a rich soil, though less flowers are produced[10]. When grown in a soil of low fertility the leaves are smaller and less lush, though more flowers are produced[200, K] The plant will also succeed in very poor soils[11]. Dislikes drought[3].

This species is not frost hardy in Britain but it is often grown in the flower garden as an annual when it will frequently self-sow[3]. In cold springs, however, the seed will often not germinate until mid or even late summer, which is too late to produce a reasonable crop[K]. There are some named varieties[4]. Grows well with radishes, cabbages and fruit trees, improving their growth and flavour[12][13]. A good companion for many plants, keeping many harmful insects at bay and also improving the growth and flavour of neighbouring crops[7]. Aphids on nasturtiums indicate a lime deficiency in the soil[13].

Slugs and snails love eating this plant, so it can be grown to attract them away from other plants[7]. The caterpillars of the cabbage white butterfly can be a nuisance and often cause considerable damage to the leaves[14].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Tropaeolum minus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Tropaeolum minus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Tropaeolum minus
Genus
Tropaeolum
Family
Tropaeolaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Tropaeolum minus3.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Tropaeolum minus3.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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    "image:Tropaeolum minus3.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.6 Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. (1878-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (1993-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    10. ? Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    11. ? Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (1990-00-00)
    12. ? Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (1979-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
    14. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
    15. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

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