The pungently aromatic fruits are about 2cm long
. They are used as a flavouring in savoury dishes, including curries, pulses, breads and pastry snacks
The seeds are rich in essential oil, 30 - 35% of which is thymol
, which is more commonly found in Thymus species
. The essential oil is added to epoxy derivatives
The seed, and especially the essential oil in the seed, is strongly antiseptic, antispasmodic, aromatic, bitter, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, expectorant and tonic
. It is used internally in the treatment of colds, coughs, influenza, asthma, diarrhoea, cholera, colic, indigestion, wind, oedema, arthritis and rheumatism
. The seed is harvested when fully ripe and either distilled for the essential oil or dried for later use
The seed contains about 4 - 6% essential oil, of which 45 - 55% is the strongly antiseptic essential oil 'thymol'. The essential oil is also added to cough medicines.
The root is carminative and diuretic
Seed - we have no information for this species, but suggest that you try sowing the seed in situ in April. If this is not successful, then an earlier sowing in the greenhouse in March, planting out after the last expected frosts might be better[K]. It is quite possible that this species will not like to be transplanted, so either sow 4 - 5 seeds per pot, or sow in a tray and transplant to individual pots as soon as the seedlings are big enough to handle[K].
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Trachyspermum ammi. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
Requires a moist soil in a sunny position
This species is not frost tolerant, but it might be possible to grow it outdoors in Britain as a spring sown annual[K].
The plant is extensively cultivated as a spice in S. W. Asia.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Trachyspermum ammi. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Trachyspermum ammi.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.001.011.021.031.041.051.061.071.081.091.101.111.12 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
? 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
? Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)