This species has an irritant sap that can cause dermatitis in sensitive people
The dried leaves are used as an aromatic seasoning for soups and vegetables
. They give an apple-like flavour
An essential oil obtained from the distilled plant, harvested when in flower, is used as a flavouring in ice cream, baked goods, soft drinks etc
This plant is widely used in companion planting schemes
. Secretions from the roots of growing plants have an insecticidal effect on the soil, effective against nematodes and to some extent against keeled slugs. These secretions are produced about 3 - 4 months after sowing
. These root secretions also have a herbicidal effect, inhibiting the growth of certain plants growing nearby. It has been found effective against perennial weeds such as Ranunculus ficaria (Celandine), Aegopodium podagraria Ground elder), Glechoma hederacea (Ground ivy), Agropyron repens (Couch grass) and Convolvulus arvensis (Field bindweed)
An essential oil distilled from the leaves and flowering stems, harvested when the plant is forming seeds, is used as an insect repellent. It is also used in perfumery.
Dried plants can be hung indoors as an insect repellent
The whole plant is anthelmintic, antispasmodic, aromatic, diaphoretic, diuretic, purgative and stomachic
. It is used internally in the treatment of gastritis, indigestion and internal worms
. Externally, it is used to treat haemorrhoids and skin infections
. The plant is harvested when in flower and dried for later use
Seed - sow March in a greenhouse. Only just cover the seed. Germination usually takes place within 2 weeks. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out after the last expected frosts.
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Tagetes minuta. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
Requires a well-drained moderately fertile soil in a sunny position
. Grows well in heavy clay soils and in sandy soils
Plants are not very resistant to frosts and need to be grown as half hardy annuals. They also need a long growing season, usually flowering too late in the autumn to set seed in Britain[K].
Removing dead flowers before the seed is formed will extend the flowering season.
A very good companion plant, see 'Other Uses' below for more details.
Plants are prone to slugs, snails and botrytis
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Tagetes minuta. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Tagetes minuta.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.001.011.021.031.041.051.061.071.081.091.101.126.96.36.199 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
? 2.02.12.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
? 4.04.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
? 5.05.15.25.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
? 6.06.16.2 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
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