This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves and young shoots - raw in salads or cooked in soups, stews etc[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]. The plant commences growth in the autumn and the leaves are often available throughout the winter[2][9]. They have a rather strong celery-like flavour and are often blanched (by excluding light from the growing plant) before use[8]. Leafy seedlings can be used as a parsley substitute[8].

Stem - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4][5][6][10][7]. Tasting somewhat like celery[11], it is often blanched (by excluding light) before use[8]. This species is considered to be superior to the related S. olusatrum because it not only blanches better but is also more crisp and tender and not so harsh flavoured[8]. Flower buds - raw[4][9]. A celery-like flavour, they can be added to salads. The spicy seeds are used as a pepper substitute[9][8].

Root - cooked. Boiled and used in soups. the root is said to be more tender if it has been kept in a cool place all winter[8].

Unknown part

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Smyrnium perfoliatum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Smyrnium perfoliatum.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in an outdoor seedbed in autumn and planted into its permanent position in late spring[12][13]. Germination can be slow[13]. Can also be sown in situ in spring[14].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Smyrnium perfoliatum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils but prefers an open sunny position in a well-drained moisture retentive soil[12][13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Smyrnium perfoliatum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Smyrnium perfoliatum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Smyrnium perfoliatum
Genus
Smyrnium
Family
Umbelliferae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.



    "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Ceres. Free for All. Thorsons Publishers ISBN 0-7225-0445-4 (1977-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 ()
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. (1878-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. ()
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.68.7 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn (1980-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 De. Bray. L. The Wild Garden. ()
    11. ? 11.011.111.2 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    14. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)

    "image:Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.