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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves and young shoots - raw in salads or cooked in soups, stews etc[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]. The plant comes into growth in the autumn and the leaves are often available throughout the winter[2][9]. They have a rather strong celery-like flavour and are often blanched (by excluding light from the growing plant) before use[8]. Leafy seedlings can be used as a parsley substitute[8].

Stem - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4][5][6][10][7]. It tastes somewhat like celery, but is more pungent[11][12]. The stem is often blanched (by excluding light from the growing plant) before use[8]. Flower buds - raw[4][9]. Added to salads, they have a celery-like flavour[K]. The spicy seeds are used as a pepper substitute[9][8].

Root - cooked. Boiled and used in soups, its flavour is somewhat like celery. The root is said to be more tender if it has been kept in a cool place all winter[8].

Unknown part

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Smyrnium olusatrum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The whole plant is bitter and digestive. It has been used in the past in the treatment of asthma, menstrual problems and wounds, but is generally considered to be obsolete as a medicinal plant[13].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in an outdoor seedbed in autumn and planted into its permanent position in late spring[14][15]. Germination can be slow[15]. The seed can also be sown in situ in spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Smyrnium olusatrum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils but prefers an open sunny position in a well-drained moisture retentive soil[15].

Hardy to about -15°c[15]. At one time this plant was extensively grown for its edible leaves and stems but it has now fallen into virtual disuse, having been replaced by celery[14][1][5][6][16][8]. The seeds are highly aromatic with a myrrh-like scent[17].

A good bee plant.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Smyrnium olusatrum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Smyrnium olusatrum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Smyrnium olusatrum
Genus
Smyrnium
Family
Umbelliferae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Smyrnium olusatrum1611.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Ceres. Free for All. Thorsons Publishers ISBN 0-7225-0445-4 (1977-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 ()
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. (1878-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. ()
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.68.7 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn (1980-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 De. Bray. L. The Wild Garden. ()
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  16. ? Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  17. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

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