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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]. An aromatic, slightly peppery flavour, they are used mainly as a flavouring for cooked foods, especially the more difficult to digest foods such as beans where they compliment the flavour and reduce flatulence[8][9]. They are also used as a garnish for salads etc[8]. The leaves can be used fresh or dried[8].

A herb tea is made from the leaves[10]. The leaves are harvested just before the plant comes into flower[8]. A tangy, marjoram-like flavour[8].

The flowering shoots contain about 0.5% essential oil[11], this is used as a food flavouring[12][13][14].

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

The essential oil from the flowering shoots is used extensively in perfumery, giving a particular quality to the fragrance[11]. When grown near beans it repels insect pests[15].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Summer savory is most often used as a culinary herb, but it also has marked medicinal benefits, especially upon the whole digestive system[16]. The plant has a milder action than the closely related winter savory, S. montana[16].

The whole herb, and especially the flowering shoots, is antiseptic, aromatic, carminative, digestive, expectorant and stomachic[17][11][10][18]. Taken internally, it is said to be a sovereign remedy for colic and a cure for flatulence[17], whilst it is also used to treat nausea, diarrhoea, bronchial congestion, sore throat and menstrual disorders[19]. It should not be prescribed for pregnant women[19]. A sprig of the plant, rubbed onto bee or wasp stings, brings instant relief[17]. The plant is harvested in the summer when in flower and can be used fresh or dried[19]. The essential oil forms an ingredient in lotions for the scalp in cases of incipient baldness[11].

An ointment made from the plant is used externally to relieve arthritic joints[11].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow April in situ and only just cover[1]. Germinates in about 2 weeks. The plant strongly resents root disturbance so do not transplant it. In areas with mild winters an autumn sowing will provide an earlier supply of leaves[20].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Satureja hortensis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

A very easily grown plant when given suitable conditions, it prefers a rich light soil with plenty of moisture[1][17][10][4] and succeeds in a hot dry sunny position[20]. It prefers growing in an alkaline soil[20] but is not too fussy. It is very intolerant of soils that remain damp and dislikes shade[20].

Summer savory is often grown as a culinary herb. It is a good companion plant in the garden, where it helps to repel insect pests and grows especially well with onions and beans[10][21][3]. A fast-growing plant, it can be harvested within 2 months of sowing the seed[9]. If cut back as the flower buds appear, it will produce a fresh flush of leaves[1]. Summer savory seeds can prevent the germination of nearby seeds[15]. The leaves have an aromatic fragrance[22]. The flowers are very attractive to bees[11][10].

Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[23].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Satureja hortensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Satureja hortensis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Satureja hortensis
Genus
Satureja
Family
Labiatae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
  5. ? 5.05.1 Harrison. S. Wallis. M. Masefield. G. The Oxford Book of Food Plants. Oxford University Press (1975-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. (1878-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn (1980-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.510.6 Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (1979-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.511.611.711.8 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.2 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (1993-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.116.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  17. ? 17.017.117.217.317.4 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  18. ? 18.018.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  19. ? 19.019.119.219.3 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  20. ? 20.020.120.220.320.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  21. ? Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-00-00)
  22. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  23. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
  24. ? Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)

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