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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use[1][2][3][4][5][6]. Juicy with a very good flavour[7][6]. The fruit can be made into jams and jellies[8]. This species is not of much value in Britain, it does not fruit freely in the cooler summers of this country and the fruits do not always develop their full flavour[9]. The fruit can range in colour from yellow, through orange to red, it is about the size of a cultivated raspberry but is rather inferior in flavour and often has a distinctive bitterness, especially in cooler summers[K]. Another report says that it fruits freely in Britain[7].

Young shoots - peeled and eaten raw or cooked like asparagus[9][5][10][6][8]. They are harvested in the spring as they grow above the soil and whilst they are still tender[11]. Flowers - raw[12].

The leaves are used as a tea substitute[6].

Flowers

Fruit

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

A purple to dull blue dye is obtained from the fruit[13]. The hollowed stems are used as pipes[14]. (The report does not specify what type of pipes)

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves and the root are astringent[12]. A poultice of the chewed leaves has been used as a dressing on burns[8]. The root bark is analgesic, astringent, disinfectant and stomachic[8]. A decoction is used in the treatment of stomach complaints[8]. A decoction has been used to lessen the pains of labour[8]. The powdered bark has been used as a dusting powder on burns and sores[8]. A poultice of the bark has been applied to wounds and aching teeth to ease the pain[8]. A poultice of the chewed bark has been used as a dressing to relive pain and clean burns and wounds[8].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - requires stratification and is best sown in early autumn in a cold frame. Stored seed requires one month stratification at about 3°c and is best sown as early as possible in the year. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow on in a cold frame. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring of the following year.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[15]. Tip layering in July. Plant out in autumn.

Division in early spring or just before leaf-fall in the autumn[15].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Rubus spectabilis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in a good well-drained loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[1][9][15]. Grows well in the shade of trees[15] though it is less likely to fruit well in such a position[K].

Hardy to about -25°c[16]. A very ornamental plant, but it is invasive[1]. It does not fruit well in Britain[9], but has become naturalized in Surrey and Cumbria in cool acid woodland soils[7]. This species is a raspberry with biennial stems, it produces a number of new stems each year from the perennial rootstock, these stems fruit in their second year and then die[15].

Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[15].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Rubus spectabilis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Rubus spectabilis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Rubus spectabilis
Genus
Rubus
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? 8.008.018.028.038.048.058.068.078.088.098.10 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.5 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Gunther. E. Ethnobotany of Western Washington. University of Washington Press ISBN 0-295-95258-X (1981-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.3 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    13. ? 13.013.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Turner. N. J. Plants in British Columbian Indian Technology. British Columbia Provincial Museum ISBN 0-7718-8117-7 (1979-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.415.515.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    16. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
    17. ? Munz. A California Flora. University of California Press (1959-00-00)

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