This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

There is a layer of hairs around the seeds just beneath the flesh of the fruit. These hairs can cause irritation to the mouth and digestive tract if ingested.

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2][3]. It can be used in making delicious jams, syrups etc[4]. The syrup is used as a nutritional supplement, especially for babies[5]. The fruit can also be dried and used as a tea[6][7][8]. Frost softens and sweetens the flesh[7]. The fruit is up to 30mm in diameter[9], but there is only a thin layer of flesh surrounding the many seeds[K]. Some care has to be taken when eating this fruit, see the notes above on known hazards.

The seed is a good source of vitamin E[10], it can be ground and mixed with flour or added to other foods as a supplement. Be sure to remove the seed hairs[10]. The dried leaves are used as a tea substitute[11][12][8]. A coffee substitute according to another report[4].

Petals - raw or cooked[13]. The base of the petal may be bitter so is best removed[8]. Eaten as a vegetable in China[14]. The petals are also used to make an unusual scented jam[4].

Unknown part

Flowers

Fruit

Material uses

Plants make a dense and stock-proof hedge, especially when trimmed[15].
There are no material uses listed for Rosa canina.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The petals, hips and galls are astringent, carminative, diuretic, laxative, ophthalmic and tonic[4][6][16][17][18]. The hips are taken internally in the treatment of colds, influenza, minor infectious diseases, scurvy, diarrhoea and gastritis[5]. A syrup made from the hips is used as a pleasant flavouring in medicines and is added to cough mixtures[5].

A distilled water made from the plant is slightly astringent and is used as a lotion for delicate skins[4]. The seeds have been used as a vermifuge[4]. The plant is used in Bach flower remedies - the keywords for prescribing it are 'Resignation' and 'Apathy'[19].

The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers[20].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed. Rose seed often takes two years to germinate. This is because it may need a warm spell of weather after a cold spell in order to mature the embryo and reduce the seedcoat[21]. One possible way to reduce this time is to scarify the seed and then place it for 2 - 3 weeks in damp peat at a temperature of 27 - 32°c (by which time the seed should have imbibed). It is then kept at 3°c for the next 4 months by which time it should be starting to germinate[21]. Alternatively, it is possible that seed harvested 'green' (when it is fully developed but before it has dried on the plant) and sown immediately will germinate in the late winter. This method has not as yet(1988) been fully tested[21]. Seed sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame sometimes germinates in spring though it may take 18 months. Stored seed can be sown as early in the year as possible and stratified for 6 weeks at 5°c[9]. It may take 2 years to germinate[9]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Plant out in the summer if the plants are more than 25cm tall, otherwise grow on in a cold frame for the winter and plant out in late spring.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July in a shaded frame. Overwinter the plants in the frame and plant out in late spring[22]. High percentage[22]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth. Select pencil thick shoots in early autumn that are about 20 - 25cm long and plant them in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame[22][9]. The cuttings can take 12 months to establish but a high percentage of them normally succeed[22]. Division of suckers in the dormant season. Plant them out direct into their permanent positions.

Layering. Takes 12 months[23].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Rosa canina. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils[23][9]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers a circumneutral soil and a sunny position with its roots in the shade[23][9]. When grown in deep shade it usually fails to flower and fruit[15]. Succeeds in wet soils but dislikes water-logged soils or very dry sites[15]. Tolerates maritime exposure[15].

The fruit attracts many species of birds, several gall wasps and other insects use the plant as a host[15] A very polymorphic species, it is divided into a great number of closely related species by some botanists[24][25]. The leaves, when bruised, have a delicious fragrance[26]. The flowers are also fragrant. Grows well with alliums, parsley, mignonette and lupins[27][28]. Garlic planted nearby can help protect the plant from disease and insect predation[27][28]. Grows badly with boxwood[27]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[21].

Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Rosa canina. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Rosa canina.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Rosa canina
Genus
Rosa
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
3 x 3 meters
Fertility
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (1975-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.7 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 ()
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.69.79.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Kavasch. B. Native Harvests. Vintage Books ISBN 0-394-72811-4 (1979-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Freethy. R. From Agar to Zenery. The Crowood Press ISBN 0-946284-51-2 (1985-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.415.5 Beckett. G. and K. Planting Native Trees and Shrubs. Jarrold (1979-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (1979-00-00)
  17. ? 17.017.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  18. ? 18.018.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
  19. ? 19.019.1 Chancellor. P. M. Handbook of the Bach Flower Remedies C. W. Daniel Co. Ltd. ISBN 85207 002 0 (1985-00-00)
  20. ? 20.020.1 Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)
  21. ? 21.021.121.221.3 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  22. ? 22.022.122.222.3 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  23. ? 23.023.123.223.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  24. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  25. ? 25.025.1 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
  26. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  27. ? 27.027.127.2 Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-00-00)
  28. ? 28.028.1 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)

"image:Rosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Rosa canina"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyRosaceae +
Belongs to genusRosa +
Functions asHedge +
Has common nameDog Rose +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +, Flowers +, Fruit + and Seeds +
Has edible useCoffee substitute +, Unknown use + and Tea +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bee +, Flies +, Beetles +, Lepidoptera +, Self + and Apomictic +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone3 +
Has imageRosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has mature height3 +
Has mature width3 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAstringent +, Bach +, Cancer +, Carminative +, Diuretic +, Laxative +, Ophthalmic +, Tonic + and Vermifuge +
Has primary imageRosa canina flower Luc Viatour.JPG +
Has search namerosa canina + and x +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teheavy clayture preferenceHeavy clay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameRosa canina +
Has water requirementshigh +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +